An Empirical Study of Contemporary Compehensive Urban Design in China
|School||Harbin Institute of Technology|
|Course||Urban Planning and Design|
|Keywords||empirical study master plan comprehensive urban design tiered project management scheme by stages|
At the present time, in the process of the rapidly developed urban construction, the urban planning manager, developer, and planning maker have all appeared lack of experience. In the current uban planning formation system, the uban planning in the law level which concentrates the rational analysis and quantiificat management, lack the ruling and guiding method in the space shaping aspect from macroscopy to microscopy. This resulted in the phenomenon of lack of urban features and low of the urban environment level. Therefore, it needs to research on how to integrate to nature resources, urban histroy and enviornment features form the integral angle to develop unique style and improve urban environment quality. And the“Comprehensive urban design”is born in this specifical background.Althought the comprehensive urban design gained general concentration in the planning field when it just be born, it haven’t gained legal position yet, and the nation haven’t give unambiguous position to the comprehensive urban design, it resulted in the situation of argument in the academic field. In the specific design project, the content and fruits are various, some of then can’t be implement or guide design because of its superficial. So, The core of this thesis is to seek one kind of pattern,and the dissertation discusses the framework including its forms,implementation strategies and methodologies in detail.The dissertation takes the formation and development and the exisiting situation of the urban planning system as the beginning and base of the research, prooved that urban design and urban planning are complimentary in nature, and that the urban design implementation is subtly dependant on urban planning, using the evidences drawn from the history of urban evolution, the modern theories and implementations of urban design and urban planning, and the urban planning systems in china. Upon exploring the effectiveness and the limitations of the urban planning and the urban design practices under the current systems, the author introduces the concept of the Comprehensive Urban Design, and discusses it’s connotations, authorized function and connection of Urban Planning.Secondly, The dissertation propose a Comprehensive Urban Design implementation framework comprising five operation phases: the project planning phase, the design goal, the design content, the fruits formation and implementation strategy, Then it summarize the examples, ensured the main problems and the research tendency of comprehensive urban design.Finally, The dissertation propose a“Tiered Project Management scheme”to address the issue of project scope mismatch that may occur during the project. The Tiered Project Management Scheme can be summarized as“macro level directing, midlevel control, and micro level guidance”.