A Study on Influence of Manufacture Industry Agglomeration to Economic Growth in Hunan
|School||Hunan University of Science and Technology|
|Keywords||industrial agglomeration (IA) economic growth Location entropy factor analysis regression analysis|
As a space industrial organization industrial agglomeration (IA) can effectively promote regional economic growths which have been proved both theoretically and in practice .IA have always been playing an important role in the economic development of parts of coastal areas since reformation and opening. The study of IA theory related to many disciplines: industrial economics, regional economics and so on. Hunan had promulgated a policy—"foster the development of industrial clusters 11th 5-Year Plan in Hunan " in 2007, which showed the development of industrial clusters had been used as a strategy for promoting the Hunan’s economic growth. Tobacco industry, as the traditional and competitive industry, is very important for the scale development, providing employment and the construction of urbanization.This paper arranges the theories and research results between IA and the economic growth both at home and abroad, and then takes the location entropy as the IA measured method. Taking the date of industrial output and business in 1998-2008 as the concentration indexes, which are used to measure and Analysis the total and sub-sectors of Hunan’s manufacture industry. While compared with the location entropy of other five Central provinces in 2008 ,it shows that in Hunan there are only four industries (nonferrous metals smelting and pressing industry, the tobacco processing industry, chemical materials and products and the ferrous metal smelting and rolling processing industry) ,which have a clear competitive advantage. Finally, compared the contribution level in economic growth within the four sectors, we choose the tobacco processing industry as the sample. Using the factor and regression analysising method, the empirical results show that only the factor of scale agglomeration has the positive correlation to Hunan’s economic growth. Actually each additional unit of the factor F2, the index LNGDP will be increased by 0.23.