The Research for BEI DENG KUA GU of Zhao Xian County He Bei Provence
|Keywords||NanSiZhuang county BEIDENGKUAGU Entertainment Utilitarain Aesthetic change Inheritance|
This paper mainly to introduce the BEI DENG KUA GU, the ancient folk art of Zhaoxian county, which originated in the Qing dynasty the third year of Kangxi, so far, 340 years of history, is an ancient body of folk music and dance performances, it shows were each stretch back a special lantern and head round the waist drum shape collapse, named after the collapse drums and cymbals actor, These actors performing together as a team in team in front of the main action has three steps lie , four-step turn, turn lights. Sometimes jubilant jump, sometimes rotating drum, drum sonorous, the backlight flashes, unusually warm. Behind the leading team and another drum drum, bass drum from two to four performances, is responsible for leading the rhythm and drums. 12 type of beats numerous and varied, fast-paced, seductive eyes and ears, the names of the 12 drum beats are Spring, Happy new year, Harvest time, The golden dragon wondering in the sea, Phoenix swinging the wing, Phoenix double wings, magpie in clubs, Galloping horses, in addition non there several sets of street drums beats for informal parade shows, such as street row, big win, love bird nest, etc., in the drum into the drum and drum percussion to help the turn in, people see the backlight collapse mighty drum, warm and spectacular scenery. Drum fan with arch, arch drums known as the "arch three drums," has been included in the list of intangible cultural heritage in Hebei Province. In an interview with several of the countryside, I collapse on the backlight drum heritage issues in detail, adequate investigation. In the interview, I learned that the early collapse of the backlight of the drum major to entertain people, mainly in some of the folk activities, weddings and funerals and festivals play an important role when people used to celebrate holidays and create a warm, festive atmosphere. But as people’s material and spiritual culture of the pursuit, in recent years, the backlight started to collapse drum performances in the major commercial and professional competitions. Although the backlight gradually collapse the drum out of the village, making more and more people know it, but in order to make it more ornamental and professional, a lot of dancers and cultural workers in its varying degrees of adaptation and creation, making the backlight collapse drum something less authentic, and the tastes of the color. Therefore, the collapse of the backlight of the ancient art of drum heritage issue I discussed my own point of view, hope and encourage one another.