"The Qing County Model" ﹠ Innovation of the Rural Administration Structure
|Keywords||Qing county mode the rural administration structure democracy at the grass-roots political development|
The rural administration structure is a whole set of organizational framework, resource allocation and institutional arrangement constructed by the country for governing rural society, that is the institutional arrangement and organizational structure from producing, operation and change of the rural administration power. The merit of the rural administration structure not only have the direct bearing on healthy and orderly development of our countryside but the authorities of central and local governments are exercised reasonably and effectively in the rural society and for the directional choice of national development will have inestimable basic effect as well.Country governance reform centering on villagers’ autonomy is a unique system design in the course of China’s building of democratic politics and distinguishing other Institution system, is a great democratic practice with combined the overwhelming majority mass peasants of China, is a main Characteristic of rural China From tradition politics to modernity politics. Since the advent of《Organic Law of the Villagers’ Committee of the People’s Republic of China (for trial implementation)》, the villager autonomy system and practice have been making steady headway in its exploration and have made brilliant progress, Few successful cases have appeared with innovative significance, Qing county of Hebei province is a outstanding representative in them.Since September 2002, Qing county has progressively quested and carried out permanent institution of village representative assembly of the village aiming at“the Branch of the CPC is a leadership, representative assembly of the village holds the balance and committee in the village does work”as mean content, it is called“Qing county model”by related experts and scholars. The essence of it is the basis for scientific development idea, in the framework of existing law and policy, reintegrating village level organizational structure, duty settings and function mode with innovative thinking, making the villager autonomous system more scientific and reasonable, more sensible for practical situation of the rural development of China, having more operability, developing maximum economic benefit in practice.The core of“Qing county model”is making the representative committee of village a stationary procedure organization, the chairperson produced by election. After villagers meeting authorize representative assembly of village it exercise the right of decision-making power and superintendence of daily work of village, the chairperson is responsible for calling the representative committee of village. Party construction research institute of Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee briefly summarizes the intension of“Qing county model””perfecting one organization, readjusting three kinds of relations“. Perfecting one organization is perfecting representative committee of village, readjusting three kinds of relations is readjusting the three organization relationship among village Party branch, perfecting representative committee the committee in the village.“Qing county model”tremendously arouses rural grassroots Party organization vitality, improves and strengthened the Party’s leadership over the rural work; resolves contradiction of“the two committees”and contradiction between Cadres and Masses, safeguards social stability; it boosts up villagers’ enthusiasm for their participation in village affairs, increases villager self-governance capacity; boosts village public welfare construction, push the rural economy rapid growth. As this model is carried out in an all-round way the CPC organizations at basic level of Qing County has a reliable grip of leading new rural construction, mass peasants has systematic platform for managing village affairs, rural power operation has steel-rigid system guarantee, economic and social development has long motive power. Activities and Experiences of Qing County provide significant theory and practical reference for further establishing and perfecting rural administration structure on a larger scale.For nearly nine years run practice of the Qing county model, it has indicated that the model is an important exploration with pioneer meaning. Solving the outstanding problems existed in villagers’ autonomy as the starting point, firmly focusing on strengthening and improving the leadership of the Party of rural grass-roots as the main theme, aiming at and tackling the meeting point of improving and strengthening the leadership of the Party, ensuring the people as the masters of the country and persisting in action according to the law, having found out a new effective route of improvement the self-governance mechanism of villagers, becoming an example with specimen meaning of building democratic politics at the grass-roots level in rural areas of new period.“The managing mode in village”of Qing county, as a significant experiment and breakthrough of countryside’s administration structure made by grass-roots unit , needs a process of continuously exploring and gradually increase, also needs to enrich oneself and perfect continuously in practice. Although they have made bigger modification and supplement many times to the administration of villages regulation and measures for the implementation, put into working practice, and these have made the reform mature with each passing day from theory to practice, the institutional space of further improvement and promotion still exists.