The Demonstration Research of Chinese Commercial Banks’ Efficiency
|Keywords||city commercial bank efficiency of bank DEA|
With the full opening of Chinese financial markets situation and the finance globalization, Chinese banking industry became more competition. The competition focus on the management, service quality, product innovation and efficient, the last one ranks first.Chinese city commercial banks are playing an very important rule in Chinese bank industry, though they have a short develop. It’s a good solution to the financing requirements of SMEs, and it facilitate the daily life of residents. However, due to the special historical reasons, the city commercial banks are congenitally deficient. Therefore, studying the efficiency of city commercial banks and looking for the methods to improve the efficiency are conductive to improve the management of Chinese city commercial banks and the develop of the bank industry.In this paper, data envelopment analysis(DEA) and multiple regression analysis are use to analysis the efficiency of Chinese city commercial banks. This paper analysis technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency, and the main factors which effect the city commercial banks. The main work and research are as follows:The second part of the paper discusses some major concepts related to bank efficiency. In this part, we describes the definition of bank efficiency, and reviews the main measurement of the efficiency. And give a detailed describe to DEA. Finally, the part introduced the input-output theory briefly.The third part of the paper gave an experimental analysis of city commercial banks using DEA. A total of 17 banks are selected as the sample, and the four year of data of 2006-2009. In the 17 banks, there are four state-owned and four joint-stock commercial banks as a comparison. We analyzed technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency due to the experimental results.The fourth part of the paper analyzed the effect factors of efficiency of city commercial banks using the regression analysis. And the results shows that the structure of property rights, human resources, profitability and scale efficiency of city commercial banks has a positive impact to city commercial banks, and there is a negative impact of non-performing loans.The fifth part gives some suggestions on how to improve the efficiency of city commercial banks refer to the experimental results.