Equality and the effectiveness of the Commission on Human Rights
|School||China University of Political Science|
|Course||Human Rights Law|
|Keywords||National human rights institutions England Equality and Human Rights Commission Effectiveness of Paris Principles Equality Bill|
\England Equality and Human Rights Commission was founded in London in October 2007 as a British national human rights institutions. The article attempts to use the normative analysis, historical analysis, comparative analysis of the empirical analysis of the research methods to study the Equality and Human Rights Commission, effective from the breadth of background to the establishment of the British Equality and Human Rights Commission, independence, responsibility and power and operational efficiency of four sex. This article is composed of three parts by the introduction, body and conclusion. The Introduction discusses the background of this study, the reasons to study in the domestic status quo, and select English Equality and Human Rights Commission. The first chapter discusses the background of the establishment of the Equality and Human Rights Commission of the effectiveness of the Commission. Equality and Human Rights Commission is greatly improved, the context of the increasingly strong demands and expectations of equality and human rights protection, social equality and human rights awareness in the United Kingdom in order to meet the age, religion and sexual orientation are three new areas of equality and the requirements of the protection of human rights, the original Commission for Racial Equality, the Equal Opportunity Commission and the Disability Rights Commission merged set up. The development of national human rights institutions in the United Kingdom have gone through the path from the specialized agencies of the mode change to the Equality and Human Rights Commission model. Controversy and Game of the British society in the process of establishment of the Committee had a significant impact on the Commission's final design of the system and the effectiveness of future performance of their duties. The second chapter discusses the equality and independence of the Commission on Human Rights. Determine the independence of the Commission and subject to the British Government on the role of Equality and Human Rights Commission as a non-departmental public bodies. On the one hand, the Commission than the general government sector to have greater independence and autonomy; priority arrangements in the other hand, the Commission in the selection and dismissal of members of the allocation of resources and the use of performance of their duties by the British Government degree of control and intervention. The independence of the British Equality and Human Rights Commission is unable to meet the Paris Principles on national human rights institutions on the independence of looking forward. The third chapter discusses the breadth of the functions and powers of the Equality and Human Rights Commission. Compared with the original Equality Commission, \the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, age, religion and sexual orientation extended to three, to expand the scope of protection of human rights. In terms of power, the \assess and publish the law-abiding notice, released to the illegal conduct illegal acts Notice to the court for an injunction and restraining orders. The fourth chapter discusses the operational efficiency of the Equality and Human Rights Commission. Appropriate internal structure of the arrangement, adequate financial resources, the full power to a certain extent, to ensure the efficiency of the performance of their duties by the Equality and Human Rights Commission, to improve the effectiveness of the Commission's performance of their duties. The fifth chapter is the evaluation of the effectiveness of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, a total. Equality and Human Rights Commission of the British Government's political will exists a lack of independence, but its reasonable organizational structure, sufficient financial resources, more extensive duties and powers, higher operational efficiency, and British society a high level of protection of human rights awareness, well-developed human rights protection mechanisms and a more mature political system, is still to a certain extent, to ensure that equality and Human Rights Commission to effectively perform their statutory duties and mission. Other countries learn from the design of the system of the British Equality and Human Rights Commission must be based on national conditions, pay attention to the defects of the British Equality and Human Rights Commission on the independence, drawing on its more outstanding and mature design of the system.