The trauma experience narrative study
|School||Shandong Normal University|
|Keywords||Crisis of Trauma Narrative Traumatic Experience PhysicallyWriting Repeat Marginal Perspective|
In the history of mankind, it has never been lack of disaster, that is to say, thehistory of mankind is the history of trauma.Especially, when mankind has enteredtwentieth Century, the world is not peaceful, war, political movement, genocide,terrorism and natural disasters occurring as one falls another rises and becoming evenmore violent. People living in this world become the only sufferer. Every disaster willactually fall on the individuals, and people have no choice but to endure mental andphysical tortured trauma.In the face of common life catastrophe problem, there mustbe in a lot of literary works reflecting human trauma.Compared with the othertraditional themes narrative works, traumatic experience narration works have uniqueartistic characteristics. Therefore, this paper regards the expression way and tactics oftrauma experience narration as the starting point, trauma theory of psychoanalysis andethics as the background, and intensive reading of text as tool. Attempting to analyzethe typical trauma narrative works since twentieth century, it tries to find a uniqueexpressing way of body centered trauma experience narration, discovers this kind ofindividual standard trauma experience narration strategy value, and to analyze thenarrative works in the contemporary cultural context of trauma finding the traumanarrative problems and crises in the present.This paper is divided into six chapters:Chapter one discusses how traumatic experience generates to aesthetic narrative.The aesthetic transformation trauma narrative occur between the interaction of variousinternal and external factors.Firstly, the author defines the connotation from theperspective of psychoanalysis to experience psychological trauma, finding the uniqueoperating mechanism.Secondly, starting from the internal factors of people, theindividual self healing needs prompted the traumatic experience of verbal expression.Again, in the art of ethics, public ethics responsibility creators, range to traumaexperience breakthrough personal, the traumatic experience inner contains the spiritof the individual, social, ethnic, national injustice suffered consciously and to bearwitness.Finally, starting from the artistic skills, that modern genre creation techniquefor the performance of the trauma experience provides favorable media.The second chapter focuses on the traumatic experience the body writing.Psychoanalysis thinks body can be reproduced as traumatic memory medium, and when the body symptoms into the literature, art, physical symptom, include historicalconnotation, so the symptom description can be reduced violence body feelings.The third chapter focuses on repeated trauma experience narrative structure.This paper thinks that repetition is an expression of human trauma metaphorical,through the trauma narrative analysis of the text of the work, repeated in the textembodies the repetition and the structure of the cycle, while repetition structureliterature, art history can provide an effective way for us to explore.The fourth chapter focuses on the edge of the traumatic experience perspectivein the edge angle.The creator observes the violence, absurd and misfortune in theworld from the victim’s view, reflecting the ethical attitude of author’s sympathy.Moreover, marginalized perspective can make the truth defamiliarization in theperspective of history, so as to achieve a kind of ironic meaning to power andviolence.The fifth chapter focuses on the value of traumatic experience the existence.This paper think writing individual trauma memories can resist the forgotten thing ofhistory, politics.It protects the individual life wounds suffered, and the reconstructsorigin relations of man and man, man and the world in the artistic space ofimagination.The sixth chapter focuses on the existing crisis, trauma narrative in the first, inthe consuming society context, the pursuit of profit maximization of commercial andconsumer desire for pleasure experience consumption desire, common conditionsmake movies for the suffering performance more spectacle. Secondly, expressing theexperience of pain is not completely free, is often restricted and discipline by socialand political grammar.Again, in the post colonial context, trauma narrative workshave obvious postcolonial tendencies, mainly manifests for the "save the East West"narrative mode, and cater to the Eastern and Western imagination cruel narrative.In the conclusion part, That trauma experience can also use "afterwards" tellsthe story of strategy,"side" about the strategy, to avoid excessive depiction of thebloody wound scene, but also can testify the effect and function and reflection. Andsome writers have described in the efforts to achieve "To find hope from despair ".