Study on Ingarden' Theory of Reading
|School||Zhejiang Normal University|
|Course||Literature and Art|
|Keywords||Ingarden theory of literary reading time-consciousness intentionality|
Ingarden is a famous philosopher and literary theorist in Poland. He is the leader of phenomenology aesthetics in the in the twentieth century. He creatively applies the phenomenology to the aesthetics, especially, he makes an individual statement in many important theoretical proposition of the theory of reading.In the first chapter, discusses the links between the Ingaden’s phenomenological aesthetics and the Husserlian’phenomenology. Ingarden’phenomenological aesthetics absorbs Husserlian’phenomenological method, embodies in the three main areas, the theory of intentionality, the method of essential intuition, the internal time-consciousness phenomenology.This paper gives a brief introduction on this three phenomenological proposition, and try to clearly present the links between the Ingaden’s phenomenological aesthetics and the Husserlian’phenomenology from the view of aesthetics.In the first chapter, mainly discusses the more hierarchy theory of literature and the temporal prospective phenomenon in the process of reading.First, Ingaden’s theory of reading bases on the ideology of the more hierarchy theory of literature. He believes that the literary work is a product of the process of reading that the reader encounters the literary text. During the process of reading, a reader should read the literary work in accordance with the inherent order in the literary work. During the process of reading, the reader first obtains the phonetic material. Through the phonetic material, the reader can understand the meaning and the more advanced meaning unit. The meaning and the more advanced meaning-units can confirm of the object the schematic appearance. Thus reproduction of the object can get intuition appearance. At the same time, there are a large number of objectifications and concretizations in this process, during which the reproduction of the object can be presented. In the reading process, the literary work can be presented in the duration.Second, this paper discusses the temporal prospective phenomenon in the process of reading in the second chapter. It’s the theoretical source of temporal prospective phenomenon that Husserl makes an analysis on the internal time-consciousness.The temporal prospective phenomenon is the common phenomenon and the formation in the time-consciousness of people.The temporal prospective phenomenon exists in the representation of the event in the literature work and the process of reading. The part which is under reading can present to the reader clearly in the reading process. The being reading part is influenced by the part that has been read and the part that will be read.The temporal foreshortening leads to difficulties in the understanding of the whole literature. The reader must try his best to understand the parts that they has read in order to have a better understanding of the whole literature work, which can only be presented in the continuous temporal prospective phenomenon.In the third chapter, this paper discusses the major contribution in three aspects in Ingaden’s theory of reading. First, discusses the value of the reading in Ingaden’s theory of reading. Ingaden distinguishes the artistic value and the aesthetic value. He believes that the artistic value is an inherent part in the literature work and should be discovered and recognized by the reader. The foundation of aesthetic value is the aggregation of aesthetic property. The aesthetic value of the literature work is realized only through the reader’s reading.The ultimate value of the aesthetic reading is not only getting the artistic value but also getting the affirmation to the human being and positive influence. Second, this paper make a study about the Ingaden’s theory of reading makes a sublation to the dichotomy of form and content, believes that the form and content can be presented in the reading process, and can be reached by comprehensive behavior of essential intuition. Third, this paper make a study about the Ingaden’s theory of reading makes a sublation to psychologism research methods and the literature view of the theory of reflection, believes that the literature work is an intentionality object, the reading process itself is the only embodiment of value and significance.