An Ecological Study of the Twilight Saga
|Course||English Language and Literature|
|Keywords||Ecocriticism Nature Harmony Vampire|
Stephenie Meyer is a famous American vampire novelist. Compared with many othercontemporary novelists, she doesn’t produce so many works as they do. However, herworks are appreciated by many readers especially teenagers, among which The TwilightSaga is the most popular one. In2005, The Twilight Saga which contains four books:Twilight, New Moon, Eclipse and Breaking Down, came into people’s eyes and soon allbecame bestsellers and was familiar to millions of people, just as the same of Harry Potter.The Twilight Saga not only describes a Cinderella version of love story, but alsoreflects the relationship between human and nature from confrontation to harmony. Theauthor just catches the pulse of the era and penetrates the inside of the relationship betweenhuman and nature, having the emotional entanglements between Bella Swan and EdwardCullen as the main thread to display many intricate relationships interwoven together. Thisseries contains the author’s ecological viewpoint and her recognition of nature’s value.Meanwhile we can also feel her deep concern about how to build and keep the harmoniousrelationship between human and nature.This thesis attempts to make an ecological study of Stephenie Meyer’s Twilight seriesto explore the ecological theme implied in it. The thesis analyses this series from threeaspects, that is, Natural Ecology, Social Ecology, and Spiritual Ecology, which reflects thediscussion of the relationship between human and nature by means of the culturalmetaphors the protagonists represent.The introduction offers a brief summary of the author Stephenie Meyer, her Twilightseries and the current study on it. In company with the summary above is the introductionto the basic concepts of ecocriticism, including the development of ecocriticism and theecological views from different schools.Chapter One focuses on analyzing the relationship between human beings and naturethrough the cultural metaphors of the protagonists. Nature has its own fascination andcharacter, and in many times it can bring people inspiration and hope when they are introuble. From the love story between Bella and a vampire in a natural landscape, we canfeel the author’s intention to call on people to respect nature and live in harmony with it. Chapter Two explores the problems revealed in the novels, which human being now isfacing in the modern society, by reexamining the images of vampires. In this society withmodern machine and industrial civilization, the relationships between man and man, manand society are extremely full of all kinds of contradictions, people are becoming more andmore restless even apathetic. The strangulation of humanity caused by the industrialcivilization forces people to rethink the value of nature. The description of thevampires’life really embodies the value of respecting natural laws and living inharmoniously with nature. According to this chapter, the author’s attention on the harmonybetween man and nature, between man and society can be clearly felt.Chapter Three is devoted to analyzing man and vampire’s fight against desires, and theforce of nature on their spirit. In modern society, there are kinds of desires in people’s mind,which can cause spiritual imbalance with desires in excess. From the description ofvampires’ controlling their blood thirst and man’s and vampires’spiritual improvement, theauthor shows before us the powerful assimilating force of nature, in the meantime, thetheme of returning to nature implied in the novels is embodied.The conclusion further elaborates the ecological theme of the novels. Returning tonature and being oneself is the best way for people to live happily and meaningfully.