The Chinese translation of Buddhist scriptures narrative research
|Course||Ancient Chinese Literature|
|Keywords||Chinese translation of Buddhist scriptures narratology themespace-time theory discourse function|
There are abundant of ancient mythology and national epic and folktale in Ancient India that are varieties described and abundant imagination. Sutra literature based on these is the same characteristics. With the translation of Buddhist scriptures sutra literature afferented in China and produced the profound influence to Chinese literature.It discuses the narrative characteristics of Chinese translation of Buddhist scriptures and the relationship between its and Chinese ancient literature in five aspects of time-space and theme and discourse and so on. The first chapter is the chapter of time and space, the space-time theory of Buddhist, Buddhist stories in terms of temporal and spatial narrative characteristics. The Buddhist theory of space has a rich hierarchy of fantastic imagination, unique stylized description of the characteristics. Buddhist story unfolds, the structure of this space provides open, and even incredible space, so that the freedom and flexibility of Buddhist narrative, wonderfully weird. The spatial patterns of three types:cities-mountains mode; land-sea mode; space conversion mode. Buddhist narrative of the story time to pre-described and traced, pre-state there are two types, one subject in mind, one for divination by Hutchison said the future of things, mainly the prophecy of the future Buddha. Divination is one of the ancient Indian Taoism divination plot is more common in Buddhist stories, the performance of a variety of forms. Buddhist stories recount the time span is flexible, from a few days, a few months to several years to the world, as well as A monk only robbery. Ⅲ karma concept of time, the author analyzes the Buddhist story of the type of retribution, there are three:later retribution, earthly retribution, continuation retribution.Personages in the second chapter, the characters in the Buddhist stories into three categories:the Buddha image, the image of grievous disciples, the Buddha image, this chapter mainly analyzes the image of Buddha and Manjusri image. The fires section analysis of the characteristics of the different stages of Buddha. Section Ⅱ Analysis of Manjushri Wisdom relief, advance the image of God debate, to discuss the stylized description of the characteristics of Mahayana Buddhist scriptures.Chapter Ⅲ of the theme articles, to sort this chapter in the Buddhist story, summed up the10type of a theme, these different themes free combination, variation, constitute the world of Buddhist narrative literature discourse.10a topic type as follows:the test of theme; flesh theme; to recognize the pro theme; revenge theme; the misfortune topic; a battle of wits theme; heterogeneous love theme; the strange birth of the theme; a blessing in disguise, self-defeating themes; animal gratitude, the person ungrateful theme; into the sea mining treasure theme.The fourth chapter discourse analysis of Buddhist narrative methods. The first section discusses the discourse function of the supernatural powers in the Buddhist story of Sakyamuni Buddha under the Bodhi tree meditation and Zen, the card into the six supernatural powers, worry, relief to the great wisdom Duan Jin unknown, to know the reality of the universe and life enlightenment Buddha, Buddhists think of the Buddha, the Buddha body of law, the concept of Buddhist supernatural power, in this process, numerous Buddhist deities, but also created a rich mythology mode of thinking. Supernatural power recorded in the Buddhist scriptures in the Buddhist narrative way, the formation of the Buddhist narrative miraculous, fantastic features, in particular, is the theme of the Buddhist story of the battle of wits, is the typical manifestation of the supernatural powers of discourse. Section Ⅱ analysis of the characteristics of Buddhist verses scattered combination of narrative and analysis of the narrative function of the verses in the Buddhist scriptures, the main endorsement, narrative, like description, citation, vicarious, reviews and other seven. Section Ⅲ long Agama, Nikaya Sutra-based analysis of narrative and narrative perspective, discuss the narrative function of Ananda in the "Agama".Chapter Ⅴ based on three cases discuss the Buddhist scriptures and the ancient Chinese literature. The first section to " Yangxian scholar" and "the Fanzhi spit" for example, analysis of the Buddhist story of the novel in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, by comparison I think the Yangxian scholar Buddhist stories and ideas to be absorbed to integrate into the China Zhi a typical example of the strange novel. Section II in the Six Ghost Stories, Buddhist reincarnation, karma concept of the story, and Buddhism, Buddhist reincarnation concept of retribution is also mocked Turkey’s inherent concept of spirits at the beginning of the story, and that China folk tales of plots, themes analogy with Buddhist thinking, so that the Buddhist concept of karma is gradually reflected in the literature. Section Ⅲ analysis to the Buddhist "Maudgayayana story" main Buddhist story spread characteristics:First, the Buddhist story itself has a colorful plot, similar circumstances are often attached to an important person who, such as to show the supernatural powers of the head, showing intellectual eloquence of Sariputta, the Buddha grief and wisdom of Manjusri. Buddhist stories in the spreading process, through the evolving changes in a variety of plot integration, showing the flexible narrative skills. Third, the incoming Turkey, Buddhist stories have been deliberately screening, will be attached to a certain mode of religious belief to the Tang Dynasty change the text to complete the localization changes.