In teaching Chinese as a foreign language in modern Chinese Preposition "cong" research
|Course||Chinese International Education|
|Keywords||proposition cong(从) error analysis compilation of teaching materials teaching suggestions|
From the semantic level, the preposition is the semantic relationship of tags. Preposition cong(从)in modern Chinese can tag location, time, ways, scope, and according to the semantic composition."The Chinese syllabus (long-term training)" Elementary Grammar (a) and Chinese Language syllabus (Annex I) grade grammar items are listed in the cong(从)introducing the use of the place and time as the starting point marks and and associated with cong(从)the two prepositions framework:cong……dao……(从……到……),cong……qi(从……起).Chinese Language syllabus (Annex II) the third and fourth grade grammar items table cong(从)the preposition framework as the basis for the "cong……ldikan(从……来看).From the syntactic perspective, preposition cong(从)must lie pull-ups, words or call the part of speech of words as its object of preposition phrases, can serve as a syntactic component. Made of the preposition cong(从)prepositional phrase can not used as subject, predicate and object function, mainly act as adverbial. Preposition cong(从)can form cong(从)preposition frame, type of preposition frame at the back of the term cong (从)mainly is orientation words, verbs, prepositions and conjunctions. Part cong (从)preposition frameworks can use for attributive.Preposition cong(从)usage of diversity makes non-native Chinese learners in the acquisition preposition cong(从)in the course of frequent usage bias. Through dynamic composition HSK Corpus investigations the preposition cong (从)The bias can be divided into two categories one is word errors, the main error generation, redundancy and three types of omission; One is structure errors, preposition framework incomplete and improper prepositional phrase word order.Preposition cong(从)error generation mainly include with other prepositions, verbs, adverbs and conjunctions of generation, the generation by mistake with other preposition errors account for the largest share, especially the preposition cong(从)and zai(在),gen(跟),you(由),dui(对)yong (用),li(离).The most redundancy errors phenomenon more is added by mistake before the syntactic category, The "missing" in the word bias refers to the non-native Chinese learners omitted preposition cong (从)referral time, place, and the basis and the scope, the omission phenomenon analysis of preposition.Through the foreign language teaching materials, such as "Developing Chinese" and "New Practical Chinese Reader," the survey found that textbooks are explained in more detail preposition cong(从)as a time stamp and location marker usage, as well as commonly used frameworks such as cong……dao……(从……到……)constitution. Related materials are also in practice through different kinds of questions, such as the fill in the blank, judge, choose, sentences to strengthen the students of cong (从)category preposition usage to understand and grasp. Therefore, foreign language teaching profession right preposition cong(从)teaching conducted meticulous planning, and strive to enable students to better grasp the "slave" of the main features and usage.Based on the modern Chinese preposition cong (从)The main features of the learner learned cong(从)Errors in the case and the relevant foreign language teaching on the preposition cong(从)grammar arrangements in foreign language teaching process to make deep acquisition better grasp of modern Chinese preposition cong (从)usage requires attention to the following aspects:First, we must pay attention to distinguish the preposition cong(从) of teaching the stage, the second is to focus on near-synonyms preposition comparisons,the third is to strengthen Prepositions Frame cong(从)communicative exercises.