Investigation of late medieval England Abbey status
|School||Tianjin Normal University|
|Keywords||England in the Later middle Ages monastery|
Before the16th century, there were many monasteries in England. And they had a large of property and wealth was the important economic and social organization. Undoubtedly, this formed a strong conflict between the Tudor monarchy and the churches, what’s more, the conflict gradually developed to an irreconcilable point. At this time, a divorce case sped the pace of Henry VIII to go separate ways with the church. Henry VIII led England to a way of religion reformation with its own characteristic, in particular the rules relating to the complete dissolution of the monasteries made great influences to its society, it affected not only all aspects of society at that time, but also the future development of the England.Because of the importance of monasteries and why they were dissolved, domestic and foreign scholars present two different points mainly. A.GDickens, as the representative of the traditional historiography thought:It was corrupt in late medieval England monastery, not only it can’t play their functions in society, but its own religious practice also can’t meet the specification. With the view of revision history, historians began to have a new voice in the history of England religious reform, including the correction to Henry VIII dissolved the monasteries certainly, they proved that monasteries had strong vitality before the reformation in England through a large number of historical data. Then, how were monasteries in the late medieval in England? This is the center problem that my article tries to study.In general, the monasteries before the dissolution except for some special cases, there was few phenomenon in crime of corruption or breach of privilege, but they didn’t really have much of religious zeal. They were neither very unbearable like the Commission of Cromwell said, nor met their standards. Most of the monks and nuns still performed their duties in daily life, and the monasteries also continued their services. But they were no longer regarded as the glory of God, the pattern of society, no longer regarded as a powerful spiritual force. Along with the increase of the monastery income and modern building, most of the monks and nuns enjoyed the comfortable life, and then this was the reason that they lost the respect of people around.