The Comparative Study of Exclusion Chinese and Japanese Movement in American History
|School||Central China Normal University|
|Keywords||the United States immigration anti—Chinese movement anti—JapaneseMovement|
The United States is a modern country by immigrants,Different ethnic groups of immigrants from all over the world in different historical periods have immigrated to the United states,In common life, they fused together and eventually become the new American nation.Can be said that the United States of America’s history is a history of immigration fusion. In the long-term integration of immigrants,the local residents and immigrants, between the old immigrants and new immigrants repeated friction,Anti-Immigration and xenophobic movement as one falls.From late nineteenth Century to mid twentieth Century,the United States domestic emerged against the Chinese immigrants and Japanese immigrants anti-immigrant campaign,The research on immigration conflict and xenophobic movement has a strong representation, which represents the local residents between different races, different culture and immigrants among a series of economic, cultural conflict and triggered a massive rejection activity.In the previous academic research,for the Exclusion Chinese and Japanese Movement all broke out in the western region of the United States, have similar Development process and social participants, immigrants and local residents have the same economic, cultural conflict factors, some scholars treat anti-Japanese immigrant as the continuation of the exclusion Chinese movement, was the United States domestic xenophobia expanded when the massive influx of Japanese migrated to the United states.The article is base on this view,First make a comparative study about the " exclusion Chinese " and " exclusion Japanese" Movement in the United States.On one hand find the same factors in anti-immigrant comparisons,On the other hand, compare the differences of generations, development process, make a in-depth research on these differences, to find the cause of these different factors,we must pay attention to " exclusion Japanese" movement which was changed in the late,it is no longer a country simply reverse migration but gradually became Japan-US diplomatic bargaining chip for the interests of the state.Finally evaluate the historical significance of anti-Chinese and Japanese immigrations movement. Evaluate the two exclusion movements about American society, immigrants and the international situation. Want to make a help on the issue of Chinese immigrants.