Study on Han Army Commander of10,000Family in the Early Stage of the Yuan Dynasty
|School||Northwest Normal University|
|Course||History of Ancient China|
|Keywords||Han army commander of10 000family Military system Power Historical role|
At the beginning of thirty century, Genghis Khan turned to conquer the southern after Mongolia was unified. The Han areas in northern became to be discrdered and lots of wars caused, being in the situation without government. The generals of Jin and the arm of landlord laid their arms to Mongolia. Most of the generals who give in were awarded million or thousand title. So, Han army commander of10,000family as a special military organization was formed.Its development had three steps:start-up, organizational system and prosperity period. As establishment and being perfect of the political system, it had its own characteristics per period. Generally speaking, these10,000family not only included Han people, but also Qidan and Semu generals. Their developing and growing can help the nobilities of Mongolia to control the central plains; meanwhile, this existed potential treat to Yuan Dynasty. So, the restruction of military system was carried out by Kublai Khan, through which he tried to cut the power of the10,000family down and made the Han people10,000family not to be the Shi Hou of the army and the people in a palm, but to be the special military general or civilian bureaucracy gradually. However, he never discarded the Han army commander of10,000family completely, but gave preferential treatment in certain degree. On the whole, their descendants were officials. In a word, although the Han people commander of10,000family was inferior to the Shi Hou of Mongolia nobility, it belonged to the perfect class of political control in the process of obeying law and controlling Han areas by Mongolia.Han army commander of10,000family played a great historical role in the process of the central plains control by Mongolia; especially, in the field of the military and political control. Furthermore, the Shi Hou of Han made a great contribution to the protection of people’s properties, the development of social production, the cultural transmission etc.