The Research on Tuda during Ming Dynasty
|School||Northwest Normal University|
|Course||Chinese Ethnic Minorities|
|Keywords||Ming Dynasty Tuda National community|
"Tuda" is the Yuan down all the various indigenous ethnic groups have close historical origins, kinship and cultural contact with Mongolia and northwest, but not all family Mongolia, not a single composition, in addition to the Mongols, also including a large number of Semu. Before the yuan soldiers and civilians after the demise of the Yuan Dynasty, allegiance to the Ming Dynasty generally regarded as "Tatars", different from Mongolia headquarters, including a variety of ethnic composition is called "Tuda" to show the difference.Yuan chamber moved north, Immigrants and join themselves to the Ming Dynasty, the Mongol people living in the diaspora, judges known as the "Sheriff", for the people "of the people","reaching military recruits, and" Tuda "special the former refers to living in the northwest Frontier Mongols based drop all the. Ming Dynasty Tuda mainly distributed in Gansu, Ningxia and Qinghai River State, liangzhou, the Yongchang, Shandan, Zhuanglang, Qingyang, Minzhou, Xining, Ningxia Lingzhou, Guyuan, etc., there are a large number of "Tuda" activities in the North China area. The early Ming Ming Dynasty, the implementation of "Tun Tianzhi" the immigration solid side "policy, land of social life addition to animal husbandry, agriculture, commerce and trade, handicraft has been continuous development.The central government of the Ming Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty ruled legacy of complex national situation and Mongolia, possession of the two major ethnic forces, create both Secretary Wei, the soil flow parameters governance system, will tend to live in the northwest frontier region of Tuda to be attributed to the toast management, successful differentiation and the integration of a large number of Ming called "Tuda" so the yuan military and civilian, to stabilize the the Zephaniah situation in the, Tributing frontier policy will be Mongolian, Tibetan, Hui and other ethnic groups included in the Ming Dynasty, under the guidance of the socio-economic system, and gave birth to from theTuda to differentiate from the back, Sarah, security, Dongxiang, soil, Yugur six new nation, the gradual formation of a more solid national pattern.This article is composed of three parts of the introduction, body and conclusion. Introduction introduces the topic decree, research status, research methods, research priorities, and existing problems; body expounding the Tuda to the source of its distribution, the dual role of the social and economic life in the border as well as the impact on the pattern of the Northwest Nationalities; concludes with a summary of the new national pattern of the Northwest.