Dissertation
Dissertation > Philosophy, religion > Ethics ( moral philosophy ) > Family,marriage and moral

The Concepts and Practice of Traditional "Xiao"

Author GaoZuo
Tutor LiuBoShan
School Anhui University
Course Ethics
Keywords xiao ethical requirements ethical practice
CLC B823
Type Master's thesis
Year 2014
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"Filial piety is the most important one of all virtues","xiao" is the central issue of traditional ideology,"xiao" runs a long course, and in the long history,"xiao" becomes family ethics from the original respect for seniority, and then grows up as general norms from family ethics. After that,"xiao" goes up to political views as "zhong". At last,"xiao" abandons the dross, builds a prospect which develops constantly. The ethical requirements of "xiao" has a rich content and deep implication. But just concerts on ethical requirements is not enough, we should also research the ethical practice and contrasts the relationship of them. Only then can we understand ethics itself actually. The paper mainly wants to show features of ethical practice and whether they math each other or not.This paper first teases the historic development of "xiao". When "xiao" begins, it continues evolving with history changes. From beginning to forming and strengthening, and then to alienating, the course shows the development of productive forces and the consolidation of the feudal monarchy on the other side,"xiao" presents different status and functions in different history stage, as well as different effects to ethical practice. On the basis of development process analyzing, the paper refines the true meaning of "xiao". And then, it summarizes three mainly aspects. They are "respect ancestor"、"filial piety" and "have babies".The three aspects includes live and death of human beings, and they also contact past、now and future as a whole logical entirety, systematically present the ethical practice."respect ancestor" asks that we should not only take a burial for relatives who have lost their lifes, but also sacrifice to them when deathday and specific festivals."Filial piety" requires the combination of substance and spirits. Children must truly practice "xiao"."Have babies" use "guoji" and "zhaoqin" to expound. In order to explain ethical practice clearly, this paper made a research about huang long village in qimen, huizhou.After analyzing the ethical requires and practice, purpose of the paper is contrasting relationship of them. They fits with each other in benefiting, serving and respecting. But the discrimination in favour of sons as well as the elaborate funeral custom can’t adapt to the "xiao" practice of nowadays more and more."Xiao" absorbs positive factors likewise disharmonious factors. We should inherit positive aspects reasonably and criticize negative aspects logically. Combining modern life style and moral development with "xiao", is good for our modernization. This paper advocates the "xiao" regression to family, to the original human relations. What’s more, the paper provides positive thinking and helpful suggestions to the construction of modern "xiao" as well.

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