Dissertation
Dissertation > Philosophy, religion > Psychology > Developmental psychology ( human psychology ) > Adolescent psychology

A Study on the Relationship among the Zhong-Yong Pramatic Thinking and Family Function and Mental Health

Author YangZhongHua
Tutor DengYunLong
School Central South University
Course Applied Psychology
Keywords Zhong-Yong Pragmatic Thinking (ZPT) FAD SCL-90 Reliability and Validity
CLC B844.2
Type PhD thesis
Year 2012
Downloads 218
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Objectives:1. To examine the reliability and validity of the Zhong-Yong Value Scale (ZVS) and the Zhong-Yong Behavior Self-Rating Scale (ZBSS) with questionaires data collected from Adult and Teenager of sampling families2. To study the effect of Zhong-Yong Pragmatic Thinking (ZPT) towards family function and mental health.Methods:1. This study adopted random sampling method:Firstly, collected data from248adults and248teenagers, used correlation coefficient to rank the item-subscale of ZVS and ZBSS. Then collected data from278adults and278teenagers and applied principal components analysis to evaluate the exploratory factor analysis of item-subscale. Then, collected data from members of410sampling families, in which780adults and401teenagers, to examine the reliability and validity of the scales. Lastly, eight weeks later,150individuals of themwere re-tested. Reliability was evaluated with Cronbach’s a coefficient, Item-subscale score correlation, test and re-test methods. Confirmatory factor analysis and subscale correlation were applied to evaluate the structural validity.2. Correlation analysis, cluster analysis, multivariate analysis of variance and linear regression analysis were applied in the study. The study applied LISREL8.7software to build Zhong-Yong’s mediator model.Results:1. Reliability and Validity of ZBSS and ZVS(1) After removing5items, the exploratory factor analysis of ZBSS(ZF Yang) extracted4components and explained64.18%of the total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis verified4-factor model. ZBSS in the adult group, the Cronbach’s a coefficient of the scale was0.713, a coefficient of all factors ranged from0.710to0.752; test and re-test reliability was0.687; correlation of item-subscale and matching factors ranged from0.47to0.76. In the teenagers group, the Cronbach’s a coefficient of the scale was0.682, coefficient of all factors ranged from0.611to0.689; test and re-test reliability was0.671; correlation of item-subscale and matching factors ranged from0.40to0.79. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated good validity.(2) The exploratory factor analysis of ZVS extracted2components and explained43.07%of the total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis verified2-factor model. In the adult group, the Cronbach’s a coefficient of ZVS was0.723, coefficient of all factors ranged from0.621to0.684; test and re-test reliability was0.722; correlation of item-subscale and matching factors ranged from0.48to0.54. In the teenager group, the Cronbach’s a coefficient of ZVS was0.727, coefficient of all factors ranged from0.633to0.639; test and re-test reliability was0.595; correlation of item-subscale and matching factors ranged from0.46to0.65. The confirmatory factor analysis indicated good validity.2. Zhong-Yong Pragmatic Thinking effect on family function and mental health(1) Both ZVS and ZBSS had significant correlation with FAD and SCL90(P<0.01). ZPT positively affected family function and mental health respectively.(2) The Core Zhong-Yong subscale and Endurance subscale in ZVS were the mediators of SCL-90and FAD. The ’negative-Zhong-Yong’subscale and Self-restrain subscale in ZBSS were the mediators of SCL-90and FAD.(3)ZBBS was the mediator of ZVS and FAD.Conclusion:1.The ZVS and modified-ZBSS were reliable and valid tools to evaluate the philosophy aspect and pragmatic aspect of ZPT respectively.2. ZPT positively affecte family function and mental health. ZPT was the mediator of FAD and SCL-90.

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