American Women's Participation in International Politics
|School||Shanghai International Studies University|
|Course||English Language and Literature|
|Keywords||International political participation Feminism Political rights Female leader|
American women’s participation in politics, influenced by women’s liberalizationmovements, is a relatively new yet popular topic in academic field. Politicalparticipation refers to civilians’ involvement in politics, economy, culture and otherpublic and private aspects. It also means running for public offices in a smaller sense.By definition, international political participation, similarly, is the act of taking part inevery aspect of international life and being chosen to public offices as well. As for thispaper, it touches upon women’s experience in striving for public posts in theinternational stage. Both globalization and women’s rising awareness result inwomen’s participation in international politics. Not only do they increase the numberof female officers and enlarge the scope of participation, but they also makecontributions to international politics as an envoy for their own country. Nevertheless,generally speaking, the number of female officers is rather limited and the posts theyhold are less significant to those of men. Gender discrimination is deeply rooted inAmerican culture and society allocates the role of dutiful wife and loving mother towomen; besides, the long lasting inferiority forces women to comply with traditionsand lack confidence and capability to compete with men in political area.This thesis consists of four chapters in addition to Introduction and Conclusion. Thefirst chapter talks about the progress and shortcomings of American women’sparticipation in politics. The second chapter extends into the reasons behind women’sparticipation in international politics and takes female diplomats as an example. InChapter3, women’s political participation has had great impacts on guaranteeing theexisting rights and strengthening more political rights. In the last chapter, the authoremphasizes the limitations of women’s participation in international politics.