Study on the Problems and Countermeasures of Risk Management in China Customs
|Keywords||customs risk management problems countermeasures|
With the rapid development of China’s foreign trade, customs assumedsupervisory tasks, the increasingly high demand for services,"keep things undercontrol" and "fast pass" as a basic objectives of the customs administration,interdependence conflict with each other, has become increasingly difficult to strike abalance between the two. In order to cope with increasing challenges, China’s customslearn from the advanced experience of foreign customs on the basis of, and in the1990s started the reform of risk management, the purpose is to be judged by riskanalysis, key regulatory Find high-risk objects, a reasonable allocation of regulatoryresources to achieve management to maximize efficiency.After years of construction, the customs risk management in China has madeconsiderable progress, the overall framework and institutional mechanisms for theinitial establishment of the concept of risk management is widely disseminated. Butfrom a practical case, there are several shortcomings, such as the functionalframework lack of coordination, administrative and cultural backwardness, theoperating mechanism is not smooth enough means and so on, these problems haveconstrained the effectiveness of risk management reform. The reasons for theseproblems include the top-level design is unscientific, administrative and culturaladaptation and risk management has not yet formed, the laws and regulations ofconstruction is lagging behind, the lack of human resources, the external environmentis not ideal, and several other aspects.This article by Chinese customs and the United States, Australia, the Netherlands,several developed countries customs risk management practices and the status of theanalysis, the Chinese customs should strengthen risk management administrativeculture, rationalize the institutional mechanisms, innovation and institutionalenvironment, optimization off-enterprise cooperation, make full use of the balancebetween information technology and other aspects of risk management to furtherpromote the reform and development, and effectively handle the supervision and services to improve the effectiveness of customs administration.