Corruption Studied in a Lab: Evidence from Class Experiment in China
|School||Huazhong University of Science and Technology|
|Keywords||Corruption Experiment Study Individual Self-recognition|
Corruption issue has always been a hot topic worldwide. In the previous research,macro-approach and case study approach are the mainstream but fa il to analysis personalchoice on corruption behavior in a micro-way. Experiment approach avoids the aboveshortcomings by a well control and stimulation of the environment individual engaged. Thisstudy aims to introduce this method into current corruptio n study, and provide preliminaryevidence from domestic experiment.Gender, academic background, supervision and punishment mechanism and salarylevel are the major concerns by early corruption experimental researchers. While recentresearchers focus more on actualization and complexity, the relation between corruptionand culture, and external validity of experiment. Based on a simple corruption design andassumptions of factors from individual gender and social status, this study adoptsjudgmental sampling method to conduct two separated experiments.Through comparison of the two experiments, the results indicate gender factors predictindividual corruptive behavior well, and women are less likely to corrupt than men; socialscience students are less likely to corrupt than science students; and the higher theindividual future expectancy, the lower the possibility in corrupt. Meanwhile, this researchdoes not find the relevance between corruptive behaviors and individual self-recognition,and experience of being student cadre.This study has two major suggestions for anti-corruption policy. The first one is thatimproving women’s participation in governmental affairs decreases corruptive behaviors;the second one is that a frequent contact between the public servants and the people helpsbuild social capital, which reduces the possibilities in corruption.