A Study on Decentralization in Madagascar: Challenges and Prospects
|Author||HaZha（Rakotomanga Haja Alain Bernard）|
|School||Huazhong University of Science and Technology|
|Keywords||Decentralization Challenges Prospects Madagascar|
Decentralization is the basis for all public sector reforms in the developing world. Allprograms of poverty reduction, the centerpiece of government programs in developingcountries, make decentralization a must. Considering its importance, decentralization is at theheart of the overall policy of successive Malagasy Republic. However, this has been achallenge for the government because of the resources, means and methods that should beused for its effective implementation. This work reviews some of the most important reasonsfor decentralization challenges in the country since post-colonial to the present day. It willexamine the conceptual values of decentralization, then goes on to describe the process of itsimplementation, and that will take us deeper into the understanding of the undeniableimplementation issues. Most importantly, we will try to identify the causes of difficulties insetting effective decentralization in its administrative aspects. This thesis proposes to put intoperspective the whole process of decentralization in Madagascar. We will try to outline apresentation as clear as possible of the situation of decentralization in the country. However,the main goal in this study is not only to trace the various steps of decentralization, even if thedescription is more appropriate to reflect the Malagasy administrative context sinceIndependence. A more dynamic approach in the analysis of the problem is used by raising thedifficulties of implementation of decentralization policies. The reflection that was intended tobe shown through this thesis is indeed assigned to a threefold mission. The approach will, first,be to identify problems from their concrete manifestations (description), then, to make anassessment of the situation (analysis) before suggesting directions (prescription). The result ofthis study will assist government policy makers in finding a viable solution that can lead tothe revitalization of decentralization system in Madagascar so as to eventually enjoy itsbenefits.