Research on the Trading Mechanism of Western Regional Carbon Emissions
|School||Southwestern University of Finance and Economics|
|Keywords||carbon trading emissions trading scheme the Clean DevelopmentMechanism carbon intensity|
First, literature combing both at home and abroad on the emissions trading scheme, then the basic meaning of the emissions trading scheme are discussed, including the theory of traceability, the basic concept of type; Clean development mechanism taking into account the important role in the international carbon trading as well as the main way for China to participate in carbon trading, a brief description of its basic content, and on this basis to study and make the clean development mechanism to establish a carbon emissions in China trading mechanisms play a transition and promote the function. This article is mainly selected EU carbon emissions trading system, the U.S. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and the Chicago Climate Exchange as an object of study and learns.Research and Experience in the practice of international carbon emissions trading, based on energy consumption data, the total carbon emissions and carbon intensity of the11provinces of the western region on the estimates, and a comparative analysis, including the western provinces between the cities, the comparison between the three regions and the northeast region. From three aspects of the clean development mechanism, carbon exchange and Chongqing carbon trading pilot carbon trading status quo in the western region are described, proposed that the lack of carbon emissions trading system in the western region is the biggest problem of carbon trading, including the legal system, three aspects of market mechanisms and management mechanisms.Then further analysis of the western region to establish the significance of the emissions trading scheme and the constraints that the role of the western region to establish a carbon emissions trading scheme will bring four aspects, that is conducive to the improvement of the ecological environment, the promotion of low-carbon transition, reducing western Poverty and play the first emission reduction advantages. Finally, the western region to establish a carbon emissions trading mechanism to follow development priorities, incentive, and the principle of gradual and long-lasting. Then coverage under the guidance of this principle from the total control, quota allocation, capacity-building, flexibility mechanisms five terms of the elements to design and to give institutional policy advice from the legal, management, marketing, and cooperation in four areas.