Research on Controlled Economy Thought in the Republic of China
|Course||History of Economic Thought|
|Keywords||The Thought of Controlled Economics Evolution Origination|
In the1930s and1940s, the thought of controlled economics has gradually become the main trend inland. This kind of thought, going along with the Great Depression, the invasion of Japan and the chaotic situation of native government and economic, responds to the calling of needs at that time. Therefore, once it emerged the educational and governmental circles reached consensus swiftly, and the national government quickly put it into practice, hoping for the balance between the government interference and market adjust, and with the ’two hands’ in economic adjustment, the native government wanted to take this advantage to attack the impact of economic crisis, the menace of Japan and finally realized the surmount the developed countries. When the controlled economics thought in its sprout, a number of people confused the definition of it with the planned economics, but just because of Russia the prototype of planned economics, and the German the prototype of controlled economics, the boundary became clearer. So the victory of the war contributes to the adaption of controlled economics by the national government which, from this lesson, it can be concluded that the prevailing of this kind of thought emerges not only because of the needs of time, but also of the influence of the China’s traditional culture. The controlled economics thought was also considered to the response to the tide of international planned economics during the Post-Depression period. And this kind of thought does not die with the overturn of the national government; thereafter, the thought of controlled economics are put into appliance in the planned economics thought and the reform and opening, even it can be found the trace of controlled economics thought in nowadays economic policy.