Research on Developments of Country Professional Co-Operation Organization on View of Agricultural Science&Technology Service System to Construct
|School||Central South University for Nationalities|
|Keywords||rural specialized cooperative organizations rural science and technologyservice system of agricultural agricultural development|
Rural specialized cooperative organizations of farmers, following another major agricultural production after the start of the contract responsibility system operating system innovation, and the profound impact on agriculture, rural development will be no less than the contract responsibility system. Design contract responsibility system in the late1970s farmers spontaneously clear the operational autonomy of the agricultural production of the farmers, to mobilize the enthusiasm of farmers’production and operation, greatly liberated put agricultural productivity, the Chinese society in a very short period of time to achieve of agricultural products to the total from a chronic shortage of basic balance surplus in good years the historic change to solve the problem of food and clothing for the whole society. And the the1980s spontaneous rise of rural specialized cooperative organizations through mutual cooperation and resource integration among farmers, with the help of agricultural science and technology and technological service system, digestion institutional barriers that exist between small farmers to produce large-scale social market to explore modern science into agricultural production and management aspects of production factors such as technology, financial capital, entrepreneurs can turn to the transformation of traditional agriculture, a new mechanism for the development of modern agriculture. In agricultural science and technology service system, the development and growth of rural specialized cooperative organizations can contribute to China’s agriculture from traditional agriculture to modern agriculture, rural Chinese rapid transformation from traditional country to modern communities, so that the majority of farmers involved in agricultural production management integration process to increase output, income, dividends fair share of China’s economic modernization and achievements of modern civilization, provide an institutional guarantee for the realization of the strategic objectives of the well-off society in general. In this paper, through the use of case analysis method, comparative analysis, data analysis, to start from specialized cooperative organizations in agricultural science and technology service system, focusing on the characteristics of rural specialized cooperative organizations of agricultural technology service system, for future development characteristics of rural specialized cooperative organizations provide a theoretical basis. Elaborated rural specialized cooperative organizations operating mode and principles and explain how to make up a number of issues that exist in the current agricultural technology service system, and the development of policy recommendations for rural specialized cooperative organizations mode.From the describes of the background and purpose, on the basis of the review of existing research literature, a thesis ideas, research layout. To describes the role of agricultural science and technology service system in the new rural construction, and the basic role of the national food security, raise the level of agricultural science and technology, the promotion of agricultural science and technology, and improve the scientific and cultural quality of farmers and for the below content for foreshadowing. From the point of view of the international and domestic practices, to explain the meaning of rural specialized cooperative organizations, introduced since the1980s, China’s rural specialized cooperative organizations at different stages of development, based on in-depth analysis of the characteristics of rural specialized cooperative organizations, respectively, from the three aspects of organizational management, production management, and financial management, representing a comprehensive introduction to the operation and management of rural specialized cooperative organizations, and highlights the current rural specialized cooperative organizations in four modes. Dscribing of the combined cases and data, analysis of the factors affecting the development of rural specialized cooperative organizations, profiling development. From ideas, systems, and environmental aspects of proposed countermeasures and suggestions for the healthy and sound development of rural specialized cooperative organizations.