The Study on Trade Effects of Antidumping
|School||China Agricultural University|
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||Antidumping China’s agricultural product Trade effects Competitive advantage|
As China gradually reducing tariffs barriers and increasing opening degree of trade constantly, China has become one of most open countries of the agricultural products market in the world. China suffered the world’s most frequent anti-dumping actions, as of2013, China is the18th consecutive year to become the largest victim of anti-dumping measures around the world. At the same time, China has gradually become one of the major anti-dumping sponsored countries against the unfair trade practices. As of2013, the number of the anti-dumping cases of China ranked eighth in the world. China’s agricultural products who suffered from foreign anti-dumping actions have the characteristics of long duration, frequency, high tax rate, etc. Meanwhile, China’s anti-dumping practices about agricultural products began in recent years. This research mainly focuses on trade effects and welfare evaluation about China’s agricultural products from China suffered the anti-dumping and anti-dumping actions these two aspects. The main research contents and conclusions are as follows:First, Anti-dumping actions on China’s agricultural products has trade investigation effects, trade restrictions effects and trade deflection effects. No matter from the annual data or the monthly data, we confirmed that anti-dumping will reduce export to the sponsored countries, increase the export to the non-sponsored countries. But the duration of trade restrictions effects is short. The agricultural products which frequently suffered from anti-dumping has the larger increasing export concentration, and the adjustment of export market structure is not obvious, which can explain why the China’s agricultural products have frequent suffered from anti-dumping.Second, China’s anti-dumping actions of agricultural products have trade restrictions effects and trade diversion effects, but have no trade investigation effects. We confirmed that anti-dumping will reduce import from the named countries, increase the import from the non-named countries. The duration of trade restrictions effects is short, even China has anti-dumping measures, the import concentration is still high and import market structure adjustment is not obvious.Third, based on the binary choice model, we confirmed that the anti-dumping has closed relation to competitive advantage. If the comparative advantage of agricultural products is higher, it is apt to suffer from anti-dumping actions; at the same time, it is hard to sponsor anti-dumping measure on other countries. There is substitute relationship between tariffs and anti-dumping measures.Fourth, according to the calculation of competitiveness index about agricultural products, anti-dumping has no significance on industry competitiveness. The products which suffered from antidumping have increasing comparative advantage and competitive advantage index, which indicates that have very strong competitiveness in agricultural products. The products which China sponsored on named countries have weak competitive advantage.Fifth, agricultural products which refered to anti-dumping have no significant relations to overall import and export of China agricultural product, the explaination can be that the product quantity and variety have small proportion in China’s overall agricultural products import and export scale.Finally, joining the WTO, China’s GDP growth and the devaluation of the RMB will ease trade investigation effects and trade restrictions effects, would enhance trade deflection effects, which is beneficial to anti-dumping on China’s agricultural products. Joining the WTO weaken the remedies effects of anti-dumping for domestic industry; while devaluation of the RMB strengthen remedies effects of anti-dumping for domestic industry in China.