China's new rural cooperative medical system implemented on Peony District of Heze city as an example
|School||Shandong Normal University|
|Keywords||The new rural cooperative medical system Top Level Design supervisorymechanism|
Although China is an agricultural country, nearly two-thirds of people living in thecountryside, but the modern agricultural equipments and technologies are behindhand.Agriculture, countryside and farmers are in a relatively weak policy environment for a long time.The core of the issues concerning agriculture, countryside and farmers in China is about thefarmers, and the health security problem of farmers is the most important issue of all. The newrural cooperative medical system is the government organized, guided, supported and thefarmers participate of their own accord, individual, collective and multi-party governmentfunding, mainly to farmers in serious coordination of medical mutual aid system, it’s a majordecision to promote the construction of a well-off society, strengthen the ability to resist the riskof major illness, improve farmers’ health level, and effectively solve the problem of agriculture,countryside and farmers, which produced by central committee and the state council. It is ofgreat social significance that has important economic and strategic significance to deepen ruralreform, to solve any menace from the "rear" farmers, to promote rural economic development,protect the interests of farmers, and has important strategic significance to improve the health ofthe population security level of rural population.This paper mainly introduces the basic theory, the development and the operational aspect ofthe new rural cooperative medical system. On the basis of these studies, combined with theactual situation of Mudan District, in order to effectively promote the new rural cooperativemedical system, some problems and the reasons on the implementation of the new ruralcooperative medical system in China are analyzed, and some measures and suggestions areproposed, so that the farmers can get more benefits.The thesis consists of five parts:The first part is the introduction. Firstly, the background and significance of the new ruralcooperative medical system were introduced. Secondly, the research status, research methodsand the innovation were introduced.The second part of the paper introduces the new type of rural cooperative medical system. Thefirst section introduces the proposing of the new rural cooperative medical system, the secondsection is the theoretical foundation of rural cooperative medical system, the third sectionintroduces the characteristics of the new rural cooperative medical system, the fourth sectiondescribes the significance of constructing the new rural cooperative medical system.The third part of the paper introduces the basic situation and main achievements ofconstructing the new rural cooperative medical system in our country. The first two sections illustrate the running situation and the main achievements of the new rural cooperative medicalsystem in our country, and finally describes the situation and implementing measures of the newrural cooperative medical system in Shandong province.The fourth part of the paper introduces the basic situation and operation analysis of new ruralcooperative medical system in Mudan District. The first section is introduction of Mudan District;the second section is the relevant policies and measures of the new rural cooperative medicalsystem in Mudan District; the third section analyses the implementation and effectiveness of thenew rural cooperative medical system in Mudan District, finally expounds the main problemsexisting in the implementation of new rural cooperative medical system in Mudan District.The fifth part is the focus and difficult part of this paper, through the analysis theimplementation of the new rural cooperative medical system and existing problems in MudanDistrict, some proposal and measure is proposed to promote the effective implementation of thenew rural cooperative medical system in China.