Study on the construction of the ability of anti poverty in rural areas of Yunnan province from the perspective of human capital theory based on
|School||Yunnan University of Finance|
|Course||Agricultural economic management|
|Keywords||human capital anti-poverty ability construction VAR modle|
Poverty is an unavoidable issue in the development of human society,especiallyin developing countries,it has become a worldwide problem.To fundamentallyalleviate and eliminate poverty and promote the harmonious development of thesociety,have become a common pursuit of international society.Our country in the"12th Five-Year Plan" clearly pointed out that we must speed up the development ofmodern agriculture,accelerate the construction of a new socialistcountryside,strengthen agriculture,benefit farmers,and make great efforts to achievethe poverty reduction and finally build a comparatively well-off society in anall-round way.Yunnan province lies in China’s southwestern border,due to the geographicalenvironment, the poverty problem has been the chief problem in its economicdevelopment,so we should pay much concern and attention on this issue in thedevelopment plan for the next five years.This paper, from the perspective of human capital theory, systematicallydescribed the current situation of rural poverty in Yunnan Province,the causes and theeffect of human capital factors.Furthermore,through combining theoretical andempirical analysis,relevant measures and recommendations are also given to improvethe ability construction of Rural Anti-poverty.However,the material capital investment has been emphasized especially inChina’s current anti-poverty policy, the study of Research on human capital is ratherless.Through the analysis of relationship between the human capital and the poor,thispaper is divided into the following six parts:In the first part, according to analysis of the basic situation of our country,combined with the present situation of Yunnan province’s economy, geography,environment and other factors,this paper determined the problems to be solved andthe research objectives, and the significance of Yunnan province rural human capitalas the guide of anti-poverty.The second part mainly elaborate the concept and theory of poverty, anti-povertyand human capital,and meanwhile pointed out the influence of human capital theoryon poverty. The third part,from the perspective of the relationship between rural poverty andhuman capital of Yunnan Province, systematically explained the poverty status andreasons of the rural residents in Yunnan province. Moreover,the human capitalmechanism for poverty is described in detail,pointing out that strengthening thehuman capital investment has important significance for anti-poverty.The fourth part mainly adopts the empirical analysis to explain the human capitalmechanism for poverty.This part,mainly selecting from education investment,health investment and investment transfer three variables, gathered relevant data ofrural residents of Yunnan Province, combined with the econometric model, andfinally reach the analytic result.The last part, from three aspects of education, health and migration,offers someproposals and measures related to the promotion of anti-poverty ability constructionin rural areas in Yunnan province.