The Study on Spatial Carbon Emissions Effect of China’s Embedding in the Manufactuirng Sector under Global Value Chain Perspective
|Keywords||Global Value Chain Economic Low Carbon Transition Carbon EmissionEffect|
The economic globalization has become an irresistible historical tide.Growinginternationalization makes the mode of international division of labor begin to changedramatically, from the traditional inter-industry and intra-industry division of laborwhich limit for the products, to intra-product specialization for process of the sameproducts. Then it causes reconstruction of the global industrial system,which hastremendous impacts on national resources and the environment for countries in thedifferent links of global value chain. Therefore，it’s a very important topic worthy tostudy that we discuss the inner restriction factors of low carbon transition ofeconomy,and then study in-depth the causality and mechanism of action betweenChina’s embedding in the manufacturing sector of global value chain and economiccarbon emissions,and ifnally put forward to some policy recommendations totfindamentally realize low carbon transition of o’ur countrys economy.Based on the previous literatures which were reviewed,this paper ifrst analyzesin-depth the direct and indirect influence mechanism of China’s embedding in themanufacturing sector of global value chain on economic carbon emissions andestablishes a unified economic carbon decomposition model to discuss the innerrestriction factors of economic low carbon transition. Second this paper analyzes thepresent situation of China’s embedding in the manufacturing sector of global valuechain and economic carbon emissions,and research shows that although China’sintegration degree into the manufacturing sector of global value chain risesceaselessly, China is still in the low-end of the global value chain link andvalue-added processing is in low level. There is a large space difference ininter-provincial integration degree into the manufacturing sector of global value chain,and the higher the degree is, the more carbon emissions the economyemits.Again,empirical analysis of the spatial carbon emissions effect in China fromthe perspective of global value chain shows that,there exists one-way Granger causalrelation from embedding in the manufacturing sector of global value chain toeconomy carbon emissions,and the higher the degree is，the higher level of carbonemissions the economy emits.There exists significant spatial difference between theindirect scale effect, structure effect and technical effect caused by embedding in themanufacturing sector of global value chain,and the carbon emission effect decomposition model can clearly relfect the effect size of ifve main effects onrealization of economic low carbon transition. Finally we put forward somecorresponding policy suggestions to tfindamentally realize low carbon transition ofo’ur countrys economy rfom three respects,such as the positive towards the globalvalue chain, speeding up the adjustment and upgrading of industrial structure，designreasonable design environmental regulation policy and improve the energy utilizationeiffciency.