The Study on Driving Factors and Incentive Countermeasures of Low Carbon Operation for Manufacturing Enterprise
|School||Tianjin University of Finance and Economics|
|Keywords||Manufacturing Enterprises Low-carbon Operations Driving Factors Structural Equation Model Incentive Countermeasures|
Since the18th CPC National Congress, China has taken the ecological civilization into a higher strategic level, formed five in one of the overall layout of the socialism with Chinese characteristics, and taken efforts to promote green development, cycle of development and low-carbon development. The enterprise is an important driving force of economic and social development, but the traditional mode of production has led to environmental pollution and resource depletion, especially the manufacturing enterprises that with the "high energy consumption","high emission" and "high-polluting" characteristics are restricting the sustainable development of human society seriously. Therefore, the study of drivers of low-carbon operational behavior and incentive measures in the manufacturing enterprises can help the enterprises to transition from the end of the treatment to the source control and the process governance.In this paper, the low carbon operate in manufacturing companies is the object of the study. First, it defines the low-carbon operations behavior of manufacturing companies, and on the basis of economic externalities theory, stakeholder theory, corporate environmental responsibility theory and research literature, it proposed the five drivers of the low-carbon operation behavior. And it established the factor model, using structural equation method (SEM) to study the path and intensity of the impact of the driving factors to the low carbon operations willingness of enterprises. Finally, the paper proposed the incentive measures.The results showed that:Government regulation factors mainly affect the low-carbon operations behavior through indirect effects of social benefit factors; Stakeholders factors through economic and social benefits factors indirectly play the role in the low-carbon operations; Corporation low-carbon awareness factors affect the low-carbon operations behavior through indirect effects of economic benefits and social benefits; benefit factors and the low carbon operations behavior have the significant positive relationships. Therefore, accessing to social benefits are the direct drivers for the low-carbon operation of enterprises, and accessing to the economic benefits are the fundamental driving factors to low-carbon behavior. In the development of corporate low-carbon behavior incentive measures, should take consideration to the interests of enterprises to promote enterprise to undertake the low-carbon responsibility initiatively.