The Research on Spatial Distribution and Influence Factors of Retail Industry in Hunan Province
|School||Hunan Normal University|
|Keywords||retail industry spatial distribution influencefactor Panel Data Hunan Province|
Based on location theory, core-periphery theory, spatial interaction theory, this paper using many analyzing approaches, presents a deep analysis of spatial distribution characteristic and the main influencing factors of retail industry in Hunan province. And an analysis and forecast of future development trend, then puts forward some suggestions about the future layout of retail industry in Hunan province.Firstly, surveyed the research of commercial spatial layout and the influencing factors of retail space layout in home and abroad, summarized the prior researcher and their results, based on this analysis, it reviewed the classic theories related to the influencing factors of retail space layout, in hope of more logic in this research.Secondly, using location quotient index, geography relation ratio, coefficient of variation and spatial autocorrelation analyzed the spatial distribution characteristics of retail industry in Hunan province. The results show that different cities hold different development speed, spatial distribution unbalanced, positive spatial autocorrelation existed.Then by applying the retail industry panel data of14cities in Hunan province from2009-2012, The empirical relationship between density of retail enterprise and per capital GDP, population, sales of goods per capita, urbanization, urban dwellers’controllable income, market growth degree, grade highway density were estimated by panel data model. Research shows that population, per capital GDP, urban dwellers’ controllable income, sales of goods per capita, grade highway density, market growth degree, grade highway density has a significant impact on density of retail enterprise in Hunan province. Of which the impact of the population is the largest. In addition, various areas affected by the geography location of various degrees. Central cities and sub-regional central cities of urban group surround Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtan by positive influence is more, Area of Western Hunan affected by the negative.Furthermore, according to the previous paper conclusion, combining the practical situation of economic development, an prediction of future development trend has made. It is pointed out that the distribution status of retail industry in Hunan province will be keep in the near future, but the differences will gradually reduce. Lastly, this paper summarized the research, and provided several policy proposal to optimize spatial layout of retail industry in Hunan province.