China’s Service Trade Problem and Development Strategy Research
|Keywords||China’s service trade contrast development status countermeasures|
In today ’s rapid economic development, the development level of service industry hasgradually promoted to measure the country’s comprehensive competitiveness is a necessaryfactor. Since the late1970s, China’s service trade has developed rapidly in support of nationalconditions, but on the whole is still inferior to the international standards. Right now, theinternational competitiveness direction gradual signs pointing to services, the development ofservices to enhance the comprehensive national strength is our country ’s accession to theWTO after the first problem to be solved. While the services sector in China has experienceda series of changes after the reform and opening up has been an unprecedented success, and inthe gradual increase in the proportion of the national economy. However, within a period oftime because the state did not realize the importance of service industries, such services isstill insufficient compared with other industries, not to mention with international advancedcountries equal.From an international perspective, the present international situation and the futuredirection of trade in services in China than good. The current international situation appearedvertical division of labor, the level of division of state of coexistence. Developed countriesthat require high energy consumption gradually transferred to the non-green industry to seekcooperation of a number of developing countries with low labor costs, and gain moreresources for their own mining personnel, development of sophisticated technology, modernproduction services. This vicious cycle caused by the developed and underdeveloped regionsof the "high-level services, general industrial, manufacturing," the international division oflabor situation. This allows a considerable part of developing countries, multinationalmanufacturers just assume overall operational process does not require technical content,trivial aspects of the apparent lack of extension of industrial chain, a number of foreigncompanies on the local production of a variety of services and not much demand, becauseproduct development, implementation, marketing high value-added production chain hasbeen in the investment business corporate headquarters is completed. The status of the serviceindustry, optimize the industrial structure of services to make it with the domestic consumer’sability synchronization. Moreover, the world market trade development in the process of China’s service trade on the many advantages in many aspects, especially the figure exists. Sothe Chinese Government on its basis, to vigorously promote the development of China’sservice trade, and timely information on the world announcement. Combined with relevantindustries to achieve high-end information technology industry continues to evolve, so tocomplete the knowledge-intensive construction, optimization of industrial structureadjustments. Since the late1970s, China’s service trade has made some development, butthere are still services trade deficit, irrational industrial structure, logistics and tourismoverweight, high-tech industry, a lower proportion of the status quo. At present, China ’soverall technological level is low, so that the existing industries and enterprises intechnological innovation and to create high-tech industry has become a top priority.Draw on high-end technology and other ways to improve productivity to achieve "striking " result, China should open as a platform to increase the technical content of theservice, rational use of services trade as the main medium of technology transfer functions.So, to create a suitable environment, to cultivate high-quality professional elite, to promoteindustrial structure adjustment and optimization is to solve China’s service trade developmentstatus of an important project. As a commercial activity, trade in services in the developmentprocess to based on a transaction which also has a related transnational nature, includingtourism, logistics, insurance, finance, communications, telecommunications, construction andinstallation and contracting engineering, computer and information, patents and technologylicensing, consulting, education, health care, advertising, media, movie audio, labor inputsand outputs are covered. In many data shows that trade in services in the country’s economicdevelopment plays an important role in the show, which also can ease the employmentpressure, and promote industrial and economic structure adjustment and market optimization,enhance the comprehensive national strength and so on. Since the late1970s, China ’s servicetrade will have a higher change in the economic growth plays an important role in the servicesector than any benefits to be high, while other service industries in the domestic change anddevelopment plays no small role. On the other hand, China ’s international trade in servicesinvolved in the field also increases, instant communications industry, the financial sector,economic management, service-related industries, and so rapidly.As these services to carry out trade, China began to absorb the international advanced management methods, techniques and experience in China ’s modernization has played acatalytic role. Right now, the international competitiveness direction gradual signs pointing toservices, the development of services to enhance the comprehensive national strength is ourcountry ’s accession to the WTO after the first problem to be solved. While the services sectorin China has experienced a series of changes after the reform and opening up has been anunprecedented success, and in the gradual increase in the proportion of the national economy.However, within a period of time because the state did not realize the importance of serviceindustries, such services is still insufficient compared with other industries, not to mentionwith international advanced countries equal. Therefore, there are indications that China’scurrent trade in services only belong infancy, there are many aspects need to be improved andresolved.Through this study, although the stage of China’s service trade development in goodshape, but there services trade deficit, irrational industrial structure, logistics and tourismoverweight, high-tech industries lower proportion of the status quo, and international trade inservices industries structural developments are not synchronized. At present, the impact ofChina’s service trade development more complicated reasons, in addition to rules andregulations, trade in services professionals and domestic trade in services such as theenterprise itself the main reason, the service sector labor productivity, quality of corporateofficers, etc. are also restricting certain areas of our country trade in services. However, thisview is one of the words, does not fully reflect all the details of the entire industry. So infuture research, need to be studied in detail the characteristics of the industrial structure, so tofind a more convincing to promote the development of China’s service trade measures.