A Dynamic Analysis on the Relationship between Different Kinds of Fiscal Agricultural Expenditure and Agricultural Output of Shaanxi Province
|School||Northwest University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Rural and Regional Development|
|Keywords||Fiscal Agricultural Expenditure Agricultural Output Shaanxi|
Fiscal expenditure on agriculture is consisted of production expenses, capital expenditureof agriculture, agricultural technology promotion, rural relief funds and other expenses. Basedon data of fiscal expenditure on agriculture of Shaanxi province from1980to2011, thispaper analyzed the current situation of financial support for agriculture in Shaanxi Provinceand established the vector auto-on the basis of the regression model. The dynamicrelationship between the categories of financial production expenditure and the agricultraloutput has been examined by use of the generalized impulse response functions and forecastvariance decomposition. The conclusion are as follows：The fiscal expenditure on agriculturein the promotion of agricultural output growth in the contribution and influence has asignificant difference, and there is a certain role delay; The stable contribution rate to increaseagricultural output of production expenses, agricultural technology promotion, agriculturalinfrastructure spending, rural relief funds are7.954%,7.579%,6.373%,3.283%seperately.This shows in the long term, the fiscal expenditure on agriculture funds has a lower variancecontribution rate of agricultural output in Shaanxi Province.In addition, from the expenditure efficiency point of view, if the quotient of theproportion of the contribution rate of fiscal expenditure on agriculture and the financialagricultural expenditure to total expenditure is defined as the efficiency of fiscal expenditureon agriculture, each various of fiscal expenditure on agriculture efficiency of capitalexpenditure has significant difference. In descending order is: Agricultural TechnologyPromotion (486.49%)> Rural Relief Funds (62.77%)> Agricultural Capital Expenditure(33.66%), Agricultural Production Expenditures (10.71%). This indicates that the pullingeffect in the agricultural output of the expenditure part of invested in production is low.Production expenditure of the funds should be further supervised, enhance the mechanisms toimprove efficiency; By the way, in the case of the total fiscal expenditure on agriculture isfixed, in order to improve the efficiency the government should adjust the structure ofexpenditures by reduce the proportion of investment expenditure of fiscal expenditureappropriately, and increase the proportion of investment on agricultural technology promotion.The first chapter is an introduction, mainly introduces the purpose and significance ofthis study. Research trends, research ideas and methods; The second chapter put forward therelative theory and hypothesis based on the internal mechanism of fiscal expenditure onagricultural output; The third chapter describes the Shaanxi provincial fiscal expenditure onagriculture status, problems and the foreign experience of fiscal policies in the United Statesand India; Chapter four is the empirical part of the pulse response function in the VAR modelfiscal expenditure for agriculture and agricultural output in Shaanxi Province, the dynamicrelationship between fiscal expenditure on agriculture for farmers to increase the contributionrate of variance decomposition methods in-depth analysis, and draw the relevant conclusions;In the conclusion part, the relevant policy recommendations are given on the basis ofempirical research.