Research on Educational Finance of Hefei County during the Period of the Republic of China(from1912to1937)
|Keywords||the period of the Republic of China Hefei County educational finance educational appropriations|
Fiscal spending is vital for the development of education, and the local education spending effect directly on the continually development of the local education.This study for the object of Hefei local educational finance county during the period of the republic of China, using a variety of subjects such as history, educational finance, educational economics theory, taking the whole and the individual and the combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, expound the management system of raising educational expenditure, education funds allocation and the status of the education.This study also attempts to explore the trend of the development, significance and limitations of the county educational finance in Hefei, to reveal the Modernization course of educational finance of Hefei country during the period of the republic of China.The Quanxue marks the county educational administrative system of the establishment of the bud, and the establishment of the county education administrative system means that the education fund raising management with the carrier of the institutionalization. The evolution of Education authorities from QuanXue to the bureau of education, independence, unity and specialization trend of educational administration and the raising management system to lay the foundation for funding.During the period of the republic of China, the educational funding comes from study field rent rate, the surcharge, tolls, student tuition, provincial subsidies, donations. Among them the learning field rent rates and educational surcharge dominate. According to the analysis for the measurement of the Hefei county education funding sources, explored the characteristics of the county education funding. Hefei is not only to make full use of traditional education resources, but also develop some new educational financing channels.The expenses of county education mainly includes:school education, social education, the education administration and others. In the meantime, Hefei county education spending is mainly used for school education, followed by the education administrative temporary annual expenditures, etc. Through the study of education funds allocation, we can clearly grasp and explore the local fiscal function in the education career during the period in Hefei county. Despite the financial support for rudiment of modern education, due to the presence and frequent natural disasters, Hefei county school education level only medium level in Anhui province various counties in the development of education, this condition isn’t consistent with the traditional literature style of Hefei.The last part reveals the trend of the development of the local education financial in Hefei as constantly bureaucratization, socialization and basic education by combing the Hefei county local education financial evolution, comparative analysis education fiscal problems in the process of evolution. To explore the limitation of Hefei county education financial development:the development of education at various levels and beyond the level of economic development at that time, the dispersion of education funds, to a certain extent these conditions restricts the development of basic education in Hefei county. Mining the Hefei county education financial history and realistic significance; The historical significance:the study management settings, curriculum settings, female education system promoted the modernization of Hefei county education; The Practical significance:in the legislative and strict law enforcement, encourage social strength investment education, fully develop economy and according to the law of development of education to carry out the education, etc, to provide reference for development of modern and contemporary educational finance.