Research on Operational Risk Management of Chinese Commercial Banks
|Keywords||Commercial Banks Operational risk Risk management|
Commercial banks as the core mechanism of China’s financial system.they have played a very important role In aspects of China’s economic transformation, actively promoting the reform and opening up.promoting economic development and maintaining social stability. The stability of commercial banks directly relates to the basic maintenance of social order and national long period of stability. However, in recent years.because of the loss control of operational risk, the huge loss cases occur frequently.lt has heavily harmed to the normally operating of commercial banks" business and its reputation.It also causes widespread concern of the supervision department, industry and the public.In the field of theory, the study on the operating risk of commercial banks in our country just at the understanding stage. Empirical analysis and econometric study on operational risk is also at the start stage. It has a large gap with foreign advanced banks in the operational risk management. According to this social background, the study on the operational risk management of commercial banks in China also has a strong theoretical and practical significance.This paper is divided into six parts. The first part, starting with the operational risk cases from home and abroad, I expound reviews of the literature related to operational risk management. Our understanding of operational risk is still relatively shallow, and Research on operational risk has a gap with abroad in theory and practice. The second part is the theoretical elaboration of operational risk, mainly include five aspects:definition. classification, features, management and the relation with internal control. The third part, through the collected300cases of operational risk loss of commercial banks from public medias.I point out the operating risk status and characteristics of China’s commercial banks. The fourth part, according to my internships and work experience and practice in the P bank J branch. I focuse on three cases, and make brief analysis on the main cause of the occurrence of operational risk. The fifth part, I introduce the policy and system of risk management in our commercial banks, which has nine aspects mainly consisting system files, principles of management, organization structure, risk monitoring, monitoring indicators. Then according to the previous theoretical and practical analysis, I give my proposals on the management of our country commercial banks’ oprational risk from the internal improvement of commercial bank and the China Banking Regulatory Commission. The sixth part is the summary of full text pointing out the shortcomings of this paper. For example, because loss of empirical analysis in the operation risk analysis,it may makes the conclusion lacks of evidence.