A Research on Reverse Technology Spillovers of Outward Foreign Direct Investment
|School||Zhejiang Technology and Business University|
|Keywords||Outward Foreign Direct Investment ReverseTechnology Spillovers Nonlinear Threshold TFP ThresholdCharacteristics|
In the economic globalization and liberalization, developed countries continue to operate expansion overseas,outward foreign direct investment in developing countries are becoming increasingly frequent.With the effective implementation of China’s "going out" strategy,the outward-foreign direct investment has been rapidly developing,its investment scale is growing sharply in recent years,investment region and investment subject showed a trend of diversification, and occupy an important position gradually in the global foreign direct investment. At the same time,we have changed the investment aim from the resource-seeking investment and market-seeking investment to technology-seeking. Therefore, practical significance of reverse technology spillover effect of outward foreign direct investment in China is obvious. Although a number of studies have demonstrated reverse technology spillover effect of outward direct investment, on the status of outward foreign direct investment in China and the existing problems, such as absorption ability is insufficient, the unbalanced development of regional economy, further research on reverse technology spillover of outward-foreign direct investment in China still has certain necessity.The paper tries to construct a theoretical framework system from the prospective of the Home country investment to analyse the reverse technology spillover mechanism and the impact of China’s outward foreign direct investment.Then I use the provincial panel data of2003-2009and build Threshold Panel Regression Model with absorptive capacity as threshold variable to check the existence of "threshold effect" of China’s OFDI.Base on the empirical results I summarize the conclusions, put forward corresponding suggestions.The paper divided into five parts to discuss it.The first chapter sums up the domestic and foreign research literature, and then come up with the ideas of the paper. In the second chapter, in the theoretical background of leadership-follow model to make research on reverse technology spillover effect, use the technology life cycle to describe mechanism of the technology spillover, combined with product life cycle theory to reflect the dynamic process of international technology spillovers. At-enterprise, industry, national level,I attempt to explain the static reverse technology spillover’s transfer mechanism. Besides,on the basis of this,the restrictive factors of reverse technology spillover of Host country investment and Home country investment are discussed. The fourth chapter from the international R&D spillovers model, using the modified the L-P model, and add the marketization process MAR as control variables to build the empirical model to test.Firstly,the Malmquist index is used to calculate TFP of30provinces and distircts in China. The results are not significant. And this paper divided China into East,Centre and West,use the West as the reference system,other regions are introduced into as the dummy variables, which can be investigate the regional difference.For the further exploring the impact of absorption ability on the reverse technology spillovers,the level of economic development, economic structure, economic openness and human capital are added to discuss threshold effect of reverse technology spillovers. Empirical results show that:the variable MAR have passed the significant test and the coefficient is positive,While the overseas R&D spillover effect is not obvious;TFP shows obvious regional differences;Reverse Technology Spillovers shows different threshold characteristics.The fifth chapter draws conclusions China should increase technology-seeking investment and take differentiation investment strategy. Finally, the paper makes a related proposal and prospect.