The Development of Jealousy Reaction Scale for the College Students
|School||Guangxi Normal University|
|Course||Developmental and Educational Psychology|
|Keywords||collage student jealousy reaction scale reliability validity|
The jealousy mentality was universal, aroused in particular situtations,it was a complex emotion composed of shame,anger, resentment and so on. Jealousy had different causes, its presentation always showed some reaction rules. Although jealousy was a negative emotion, if handled properly, it could be fully decreased to the minimize by cognitive operation,and the negative behavior also could be changed into positive behavior. Thus, by measuring and understanding the reaction rules and the main reaction components of jealousy, could play a positive role in alleviating jealousy.Based on the collection of a large number of literatures and the existing researches, Jealousy Reaction Scale for College Student was made up through opening paper and interview. According to the existent Jealousy Reaction Scale, items was made by small sample testing and experts’evaluation. Cluster sampling method was applied to explore the initial questionnaires of 485 college students for exploratory factor analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted by exploring another 692 questionnaires of college students. In order to ensure the accuracy of questionnairs the subject was filtered once again through Item Response Theory. The results showed that:1. The existence of seven factors in Scale of Jealousy Reaction for College Student was determined by parallel analysis. According to Explore Factor Analysis,they were named as reactive retribution, positive response, inferiority feelings, emotional derastation, escape, intropunitiveness, ideational domination, and the result could explain 51.12% of the total variance.2. The coefficient of the Scale of Jealousy Reaction for College Student was good. The total Scale tests showed that the reliability of Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was 0.886, the Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient among the dimensions ranged from 0.694 to 0.872.The test-retest coefficient showed that the coefficient of total scale was 0.627, and other dimensions ranged from 0.646 to 0.780.3. Confirmatory factor analysis results showed that X2/df, RESMA, RMR, NFI, CFI were 2.77, 0.051, 0.060, 0.92, 0.95. The inter-scale correlation analysis showed that the correlation coefficient between total scale and factors ranged from 0.334 to 0.831, indicating the scale had a good structure validity. The scale also showed that the existence of significant negative correlation of some contradictions in the reaction property. The test of the criterion validity showed that the correlation coefficients among the total scale of jealousy response and emotional responses scale and behavioral response scale were respectively 0.353, 0.492, The correlation coefficients were ranged from 0.181 to 0.492, the correlation of moderate criterion indicating made up the Scale had validity and necessity .4. The jealousy mentality of collage students was universal, jealousy reaction tend to be positive. The variance analysis showed that college students’jealous reaction had a significant difference in gender. Females’scores were higher than those of males in total scale, inferiority feelings, emotional traumatic, and self-punishment. Males’scores were higher than that of females in reaction of retaliation only. College students’jealous reaction had a significant different in professions, liberal arts’scores were higher than those of other professions. College students’jealous reaction had significant difference in grade, the sophermore was higher than freshman, only in positive response, the junior’s scores were higher than freshman. Only-child and non-only-child college students had no significant difference in total scale of jealousy reaction, but non-only-child college students’scores were higher than non-only-child’s in inferiority feelings.