Dysfunctional Attitudes as a Predictor to Depressive Symptoms in University Students: A Multiwave Longitudinal Study
|School||Central South University|
|Keywords||The Cognitive Vulnerability - stress model Dysfunctional attitudes Depressive symptoms Hierarchical Linear Model|
Purposes : ( 1 ) study of dysfunctional attitudes on depression symptoms predict ; ( 2 ) to explore the neurotic personality of depressive symptoms predict whether the impact of dysfunctional attitudes . Method: a total of 662 young people of Changsha City , Hunan Province , two college freshman Tai three six-month follow-up study of a total of six . Epidemiological survey center first survey Depression Scale (CES-D) to assess the individual 's depressive symptoms , dysfunctional attitudes questionnaire (DAS) to assess the individual 's dysfunctional attitudes , the use of the Big Five Personality Questionnaire - neurotic subscale ( FFI-N) to assess neuroticism individual students ' day - to - day social and academic events scale (GASHSS) and the assessment of the individual 's life events and daily stress levels . Each month subsequent tracking measured depressive symptoms and life events for all participants . The data were analyzed using Hierarchical Linear Model . Results: (1) dysfunctional attitudes and depressive symptoms ( p lt; 0.01 ) , the stress level ( p lt; 0.01 ) between neuroticism (p lt; 0.01) was significantly positively correlated ; (2 ) tracking detection when an individual basis of the level of depression (p lt; 0.001), stress level (p lt; 0.001) and dysfunctional attitudes (p lt; 0.001) main effect , a significant interaction of dysfunctional attitudes and life events ( p = 0.01, F (1,2725) = 8.28, p lt; 0.01); (3) in the role of neuroticism , track testing individual basis of the level of depression ( p lt; 0.001 ) , stress levels ( p lt; 0.001), dysfunctional attitudes (p lt; 0.01) , and neuroticism (p lt; 0.001) with the main effect , the interaction of dysfunctional attitudes and life events was significantly ( p = 0.02 , F ( 1 , 2666) = 8.13, p lt; 0.01). Conclusion: ( 1) dysfunctional attitudes predictors of depressive symptoms , high dysfunctional attitudes of individuals experiencing life events more likely to exhibit symptoms of depression ; ( 2 ) Neuroticism does not affect the dysfunctional attitudes of depressive symptoms predictive role.