New course background in college students in physics teaching Ability
|School||Shaanxi Normal University|
|Course||Curriculum and Pedagogy|
|Keywords||New curriculum Physics Teacher Education Teaching ability|
In June 2001, the Basic Education Curriculum Reform (Trial) \Currently, compulsory education in China has fully implemented the new curriculum. The high school curriculum reform will be fully rolled out across the country in 2010. Teachers is one of the key factors related to the success or failure of the basic education curriculum reform, because the teachers are the implementers of education, the implementation of the educational reform first line, good teaching philosophy, thought to rely on teachers to practice. Teaching ability is the basis of teachers' implementation of quality education, teachers do not have a high level of teaching ability, no matter how good the quality of education thinking also difficult to be implemented in the classroom teaching and embodied the basic education curriculum reform would be unable to smoothly promote. Therefore, to improve the level of teaching ability of teachers is an important guarantee of the educational reform. Shoulder the important task of providing qualified teachers for basic education in Normal Colleges must face new requirements for the physical sciences, the primary task is to bring Cultivating students' physical education as an important task of the basic education curriculum reform . Therefore, the main problem of this study include: (1) the proposed reform of the basic education curriculum for high school physics teacher. (2) the structure of the new curriculum context of secondary school physics teachers should have the teaching ability, namely Normal Colleges and Universities Physics the Normal Students should strengthen the culture of teaching ability. The main problems in the process (3) Normal Colleges and Universities Physics Professional Students' Teaching Ability of the status quo and the culture. (4) the physics teaching ability of college students in the new course background efficient way of cultivating and strategies. This article first account of the research background and the main problem, the purpose and significance of the research, and illustrates the main ideas of the study and research methods. The basis of culture through the relevant literature, the study of the structure of teaching ability, the physical structure of teaching ability and normal students of physics teaching ability necessary to review and reflection, in the gathering, combing the analysis of literature and research , find the need to deepen the study. Such as: research on how to strengthen the Students' Teaching Ability culture is relatively small; lack of specialized for specific disciplines refinement studies, there can not be combined with the characteristics and requirements of the various disciplines of the defects, limiting the study to further deepen; lack of background about the new curriculum teaching ability of college students in physical training. These also become motivation of this article select topics. Subsequently, this paper studies the problem from both theoretical and practical level. At the theoretical level, to define the relevant concepts, teaching ability, and physics teaching ability. Three dimensions from the relationship between teachers and students, curriculum implementation and professional development analysis of the basic education curriculum reform put forward new requirements for high school physics teacher, on this basis, the building should have high school physics teacher in the context of new curriculum teaching ability structure, that is, Normal Colleges and Universities Physics the Normal Students should strengthen the culture of teaching ability. On a practical level, combined with the requirements of the new curriculum reform and the results of prior studies, this paper uses a combination of interviews and questionnaires, 6 in Normal Colleges in China Normal Students teaching physics investigation by the survey The statistical analysis of the data obtained, to understand the physics specialty of Normal Colleges and Universities Students' Teaching Ability of the status quo and the culture of the main problems in the process, and analyze the causes of the problem, put forward on the basis of the ability of the new course background in college students in physics teaching efficient way of cultivating and strategy. Through the research of this article the following conclusions: (1) the reform of the basic education curriculum of the new requirements of the new requirements of the secondary school physics teacher (1) the relationship between teachers and students: physics teacher to be transformed by the teaching of the masters of the organizers of learning for students, instructors physics teacher to be transformed by imparting knowledge on students' abilities, enhance physics teacher to be transformed by the student managers as a facilitator of student development, and guide; the ② curriculum implementation of new requirements: physics teacher decision makers, designers, physics teacher transformed by the implementation of the curriculum for the course to be transformed by the perpetrators of the course curriculum builders and developers; physics teachers should be life-long learners (3) new requirements in the career development: physical teachers should do the teaching researchers, the physics teacher should be a reflection of the teaching activities. (2) under new curriculum high school physics teacher teaching ability to structure this article in accordance with the order in physics teaching high school physics teacher teaching ability is divided into: (1) ability to physics teaching preparation phase: the cognitive capacity of physical education philosophy, master and use of physical materials, the ability to understand the physics teaching object physics teaching design capabilities; ② physical classroom teaching ability of the implementation phase must: physics teaching language skills, the physical classroom organization and management capabilities, physics teaching ability; ③ physics teaching summary stage should have the ability to: physics teaching ability to reflect, physics teaching and research capabilities. (3) Normal Colleges and Universities Physics Professional Students 'Teaching Ability culture and causes major problems existing in the process analysis ① Normal College Students' lack of understanding of the basic education curriculum reform, it is difficult to use new ideas to guide their own learning and practice; ② Teachers Probe into the school curriculum reform has lagged far behind in the basic education curriculum reform, educational programs, especially with the new curriculum reform courses less; ③ experimental course content confirmatory, rarely strong proponent of the creation of the new curriculum experiments and experimental teaching methods of teachers is not conducive to the Normal Students physics experiment teaching ability; ④ Normal Students physics teaching ability, most education internship links are still there for a short time, the contents of a single, ineffective guidance and other issues. Normal college students physical teaching ability is difficult to adapt to the basic education curriculum reform for many reasons, but the most important reason is: Normal Students of Physics is difficult to apply the knowledge into ability, especially in physics teaching ability. This is the main problem of teacher education, particularly the teaching efficiency \(4) the ability of college students in physics teaching the new curriculum background efficient way of cultivating and strategy ① \teaching content and structure of knowledge of physics Normal Students rationality and science; ③ rich teaching methods, improve teaching methods to enhance the effectiveness of teaching, fully reflects the high teacher teaching demonstration role; ④ strictly physical experiment teaching and training process to cultivate physical learn the the Normal Students explore the skills and innovation; (5) strengthen teaching practice links and expand the overall quality, and promote physics Normal Students will learn the knowledge into teaching ability.