Study on Effectiveness of Plan Environmental Impact Assessment in China
|Keywords||Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Validity Systems Analysis Index system|
Our \to promote, regulate all levels of government, the relevant departments of the planning decision-making behavior, to improve the level of planning decisions, and promote the sustainable development of regional and industry played an active role. However, the the PEIA, including the entire theory and technology of the Strategic Environmental Assessment Method lagging behind, especially combined with the actual situation in China, the lack of practical experience throughout the PEIA effects and effectiveness of implementation in China is far from satisfactory. This study attempts to initially built by studying factors affecting the effectiveness PEIA evaluation index system, and Planning Environmental Impact Assessment Technical Guidelines (Trial) \proposed countermeasures to improve PEIA validity. This article in the Environmental Impact Assessment (environmental impact assessment, EIA) on the basis of the validity of the study, the first to define the meaning of the effectiveness of PEIA, PEIA effectiveness based on systematic analysis of influencing factors, and analyze the PEIA three basic attributes: technical attributes, institutional and social properties. This article the PEIA system is divided into broad and narrow two types of generalized the PEIA systems including the PEIA system and its operating environment of the narrow sense, the validity of the PEIA the PEIA system and its system environment determined by PEIA systems themselves, PEIA system the results of the system environment and system results Part 3 role PEIA system environment reflects the basic attributes, it plays an important role in restricting PEIA's effectiveness. On this basis, the paper was constructed based on the system requirements for the PEIA validity assessment index system, to characterize the the PEIA validity constraints and measure the effectiveness of the PEIA. Based on the above analysis, the paper questionnaires and copies of PEIA report \Should learn from foreign EIA practice experience and effectiveness of research based on the validity of impact factors and case analysis of the effectiveness of our PEIA, combined with China's national conditions focus on perfecting the PEIA system elements and their relationships, technical environment, system system environment and social environment.