On Linguistic Features in the American Sitcom How I Met Your Mother from a Stylistic Approach
|School||Beijing Language and Culture University|
|Course||Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics|
|Keywords||sitcom stylistics linguistic conversation|
Since the American sitcoms have already caught the attention of worldwide viewers, it is high time we studied the sitcoms from a stylistic approach so as to make some tiny contributions to the stylistic field rather than merely devoting huge amount of spare time to the entertainment effect.Based on one of the most popular American sitcoms How I Met Your Mother, this thesis examines the language selected from the first ten episodes of Season One in terms of different levels of linguistic features, namely, graphological, lexical and syntactical perspectives. Meanwhile, the pragmatic theories such as Speech Act Theory and Cooperative Principle will be involved in data analysis.It is expected that through the study and analysis of this thesis paper, the author would like to prove that the American sitcom is a good linguistic data source for the contemporary language study.According to linguistic scholars, different people employ different registers. People participating in recurrent communication situations tend to develop similar vocabularies, similar features of intonation, and characteristic bits of syntax and phonology that they use in these situations. The language, especially those of special features discussed above, employed by those characters in this sitcom is a kind of register, which seem to facilitate speedy communication in daily conversation.Martin Joos (1962) in his book The Five Clocks suggests five degrees of formality: ’frozen’, ’formal’, ’consultative’, ’casual’, and ’intimate’. From a sociolinguistic perspective, it can be observed that Native Americans tend to employ colloquial expressions and shorter sentences so as to create familiarity and intimacy among friends and family members.