Research on the Development of Information Agriculture in Shouguang City
|School||Nanjing Agricultural College|
|Keywords||Information Agriculture ShouGuang Information Technology Industrialization Standardization|
Nowadays, informatization has become inevitable in economic and social development. The level of information has become an important symbol for the modernization and comprehensive strength of the country and district. With the development of economic globalization, trade integration and information integration, it is important to strengthen the information of agriculture, to develop the research on Information agriculture and to do well in knowledge accumulation, technology reserves and material preparation when facing the new stage of our agricultural development.Information agriculture is the whole process to improve agricultural productivity and agricultural productive forces by developing and applicating the modern information technology, which infiltrates the agricultural production, distribution, consumption and the specific links in social, economic and technological area. It consists of informatization in agricultural resource environment and the social and economic information as well as informatization in agricultural production, science and technology, education, agricultural producing material and production market, agricultural management. Agricultural informatization is to develop modern agriculture and construct the new socialist countryside.Our information agricultural started fairly late. From 1980s, we has done the research that system engineering, the database and information management system, remote sensing, expert system, policy-making and geographic information support system are applied in agriculture and other resources, environment and disaster prediction. And it makes the effect. Currently, developments in information infrastructure construction, the electronic administration and commerce, information technology applied in the agriculture and information service have more effective and some have reached international advanced level.Many yeas ago,Shouguang City was poor and backward. The economic development was slow and at the bottom of urban cities in Weifang. It also took the back seat in the all cities of Shandong. Agricultural structure in Shouguang City was single and the level of production was low. It was 300 kilograms of grain per mu. The proportion of crop farming was nearly 80% and the proportion of vegetables grown in the local agriculture is less than 20%. But now, Shouguang is the largest vegetable base and specialized vegetable market. There are now 150,000 farmers and 400,000 spring protective fields. Vegetables growing area is up to 800,000 mus and 70% of farmers income is from vegetables. The city is so-called "Chinese vegetables basket". The economic position has quickly risen in Shandong province because of the comprehensive rapid developments. Shouguang City has ranked into the national top hundred counties (cities) for continuous 9 years in the selected activities organized by the National Bureau of Statistics. It gets the first place in a row 9 times in the activities of inspection, review and check organized by Weifang City. Such great changes in the city are closely linked with the deveopment of Information agriculture. As one of the first trial cities about the comprehensive information services, Shouguang city once self-financed and borrowed the network and the equipment. But nowadays it has developed a data network center, special cables, a dedicated server and more stable information service systems of countryside and information service network throughout the country, especially for an internet video as the main part, to set up the network information server on the base of agricultural capital operation to solve the problem of "last kilometer" and to be top one in the province even in the country.For the present situation in china’s agricultural development, it has great theory and practical significance to research the information agriculture especially for the successful experience of information agriculture in Shouguang. Agriculture in Shouguang City tells us that:the combination of scientific information technology and agriculture is an important cornerstone of agriculture modernization. On the base of the research about the construction of informatization and the experience about information agriculture of Shouguang city, it is useful to analyze that development and creation of information agriculture in the city brings pleasant changes to the local people and the development of information agriculture at home and abroad. And then it can be used to deal with the some problems in areas backward for its modernization of agricultural development or built a new socialist countryside slowly or late for development of agricultural information and it is to make modern communication better served for the rural economic development and production and life for reference.