C City Gas Co., Ltd. Market-Oriented Operation of the Risk Prevention Study
|Keywords||Municipal utilities Market-oriented Risk control|
Municipal utilities is the economic foundation of a country's development , as the municipal utility services with the public welfare , and the huge investment, a long period of investment risk . For a long time , the municipal utilities to invest in our country is a country , nation-building and national operators dominate . However, on the one hand with the social and economic development , China's urbanization process accelerated, residents ' income , consumers high-quality , high efficiency and a wide range of municipal public service demands of growing , maintaining the original municipal utilities system has been difficult to meet the growing public demand . On the other hand , the weak foundation of China 's municipal utilities , backward management , inefficient status quo , and has long been a huge financial burden makes it difficult for the Government to maintain the schedule of municipal utilities put on the market-oriented reforms . Since the 1990s , China's exploration of public-sector adjustment and reform has also made some substantial developments play to promote the process of the reform of public utilities , to some extent , but did not fundamentally solve the utility institutional issues , industry standards , and failed to enter the orbit of the legal system specification . Utility market of ventricular corporate behavior , the utilities economic role , traditional state-owned enterprises must operate independently to adapt to the requirements of the market economy , self-accumulation and self-financing , self-restraint corporate entity and market competitors , government regulation by over the rule of man to the rule of law, regulatory governance transformation in order to protect public safety , social and public interests , and safeguard social harmony and provide better municipal utility services for the public , this article from the basic characteristics of the municipal utilities , combined with the analysis of municipal utilities the general risk of the market-oriented , more Western countries, public utility market-oriented reform process and its risk control mode to C City gas Company market-oriented reforms , for example, the risk of damage from the public interest , the risk of loss of government credit , loss of state assets risk , the risk of the legitimate rights and interests of workers can not be guaranteed the actual workable risk control response measures .