Studies on the Impact and Adaptive Countermeasure for Climate Change on Sustainable Development in Regional Society, Economy
|Keywords||climate change social economy sustainable development decrease adaptation|
This paper chooses Gansu Province as the study area which is sensitive to climate change and frangible to eco-environment, then uses meteorological data, hydrological datasets, disaster data etc, based on analyzing the character of climate change in Gansu, further analyzes the effect of climate change to eco-environment, water resource, agriculture, industry, social development and so on, then suggests that how to response to climate change and actualize sustainable development of social economy. There are some new points what we get. It shows an upward trend of temperature and a downward trend of precipitation during the last 50 years. Climate change has more influence to agriculture than others. Climate change makes agricultural crop characters to change in Gansu, like planting structure, crop production, crop distribution, soil water of farmland, crop ecological character etc. It also affects the industrial production of economy scale, speed of development, first cost, and structure of resource. And it makes the reduction of water, eco-environment degradation, grassland desertification in Gansu. Climate change makes more natural disaster and great losses in Gansu. Then it shows some measures to climate change. Gansu should insist sustainable development to response climate change, on one hand to reduce the green house gas emission and to improve the capability of response to climate change on the other. Gansu should adjust industrial and agricultural structure, save energy, optimize resource structure, develop recycle economy, enhance the capability of carbon dioxide, control eco-environment, develop air water resource, reduce tropical island effect, enhance the monitor of climate change and eco-environment etc, to response climate change and carry sustainable development of social economy in Gansu out.