A Research on the Risk Management of CNG filling Stations in Jinan and Emergency Response System
|Keywords||CNG Gas-filling Station Risk Emergency Response Management Prediction Scheme System|
At present, CNG is an ideal substitute energy for automobiles. The technology of its application has entered a mature stage. CNG plays an integral part in domestic optimal adjustment of energy structure as well as in national energy strategy. As a new type of motor fuel, the application of CNG is widely promoted. Under the impetus of the project“energy-saving and new energy vehicles”which belongs to the national 863 Program, Jinan began its development of CNG automobiles in 2000. up to now, there have been 1000 GNG buses, 6000 CNG taxis. Matching with this development is the gradual formation of a complete network of 36 CNG filling stations since 2000. With the increase of filling stations in Jinan, the security issues become more prominent, safe operation of the filling stations have been closely connected with the safety of the city. Under this circumstance, problems like how to prevent and control the safety risks in the operations, and how to the correctly and timely respond to the safety accidents which happen in production, are gaining importance in the realization of urban public safety.On such a circumstance, this paper employs comprehensively several kinds of methods as literature review, normative study, empirical study, on the basis of analyzing deeply the operation and management of CNG gas-filling station in Jinan, combining with relative risk-management theory, various risk identification, evaluation, disposal during the operation are studied and analyzed in detail. The thought of dealing with the risk and emergency-response management system are researched and planned. On the basis of analysing such various respects as the basic principle of emergency-response management, emergency-response conclusion and the conceptual system of after-disaster processing, a specific design proposal of emergency-response management prediction scheme is to be raised.The paper points out that it is the vital point for CNG gas-filling station to make a scientific emergency-control system, a mature crisis-warning system, a fast emergency-response system and a detailed and reasonable emergency pre-proposal. The emergency-control system should be built with uniform command, clear duty, reasonable division of labor, effective coordination, multi-collaboration and wide social participation. On the basis of analyzing and defining the nature of the accident, the emergency-warning system should be established with such category as scientific installation of pre-warning class, the publication of pre-warning contents and the system of reporting accidents. It should be the origin of the force to combine with inside and outside emergency response, secure rich emergency goods and materials and scientifically cope with the situation after the disasters.