Dissertation > Literature > Chinese Literature > Literature Review and Research > Modern literature ( from 1919 to 1949 )

Wu Mi and New Culture Movement

Author YangGuiZhen
Tutor NanZhiGang
School Ningbo University
Course Contemporary Chinese Literature
Keywords Wu Mi Diary New Culture Movement
CLC I206.6
Type Master's thesis
Year 2009
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Xueheng School represented by Wu Mi met with one of the largest oppositions in New Culture Movement. As an apprentice to Bai Bide, Wu had spared no efforts and made his great devotion to the New Humanism which put forward culture and revolution proposals he did not yield to. Instead, he found his own way to interpret the orientation of China’s culture.Wu Mi’s Diary is an indispensable part of his masterpiece, functioning as a mirror reflecting the rich and timely information of that age. The recordings and narrations in the diary could convey his distinguished cultural formula and concepts: all the factors such as varied knowledge structures, different life experience and understanding and attitudes to China’s traditional culture lead to different approaches that Xueheng School and New Humanism adopted to accomplish their cultural faith. From Wu Mi’s viewpoint, excellent cultures all over the world have a lot in common. Culture itself has a natural inheritance. The saying‘each era has its own culture’only emphasizes the time uniqueness of the culture while neglecting its essences on which the cultural inheritance relies. In New Culture Movement, cultural differences between the Orient and the Occident were overstated. Backwardness and stagnancy and anxiety were exaggerated, resulting in a sensational revolution with the slogans like‘Science’and‘Democracy’. Under the circumstances that New Culture Movement had the final say, Wu Mi and his peers did not give up their own philosophy. Instead, they were striving for Xueheng and Literary Supplement and were devoting to the young-generation education.Wu Mi’s professional ambitions and cultural practices fully express his views about culture—combining the East and the West on the premise that traditional cultural needs to be preserved. The paper revolves around this theme. Part One is to dig out Wu Mi’s contradictory cultural personality on the basis of his diary. Part Two is to discuss different cultural views and debates between Wu Mi and New Culture Movement. Part Three is to present Wu Mi’s cultural construction formula and practice, namely, books, periodicals and education. Part Four is to restore Wu Mi’s reputation. He is not conservative and rigid. Rather, his devotion is outstanding. In conclusion, Wu Mi’s culture ideology is a good supplement for the mainstream of culture at that time. Even at present, his ideas could be a reference of great significance.

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