Self-Constructed Image of Other
|Course||English Language and Literature|
|Keywords||Ha Jin Other Orientalism Cultural Hegemony|
As a Chinese American writer, Ha Jin has produced a Chineseness in his use of English and in his new American identity. His stories and poems have received many literary awards in America.My dissertation aims to analyze the Other image of China presented in his four novels: In the Pond (1998), Waiting (1999), The Crazed (2002) and War Trash (2004), all of which depict systematical personal struggles as a result of the repressiveness in China. The ideological and sociopolitical constraints exerted on the Chinese people will be explored. The analysis will draw on Louis Althusser’s concept of ideological state apparatuses to elucidate the relationship between the state and ideology, and how the former makes use of the latter to control its people. Michel Foucault’s theory on power will also be used to illustrate how repression operates in the context of the novels.My dissertation will also expose how Ha Jin is used by the American hegemony to reproduce its own self-orientalized image of China and how his success as a writer is largely created out of the power effect of this hegemony through an analysis of media reports, book reviews and feature articles by American literary circle. Ha Jin, in incorporating into the American master discourse, turns into an Other himself.