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A Study of Lawrence’s Ecological Ideas from the Aspect of Confucius’ Golden Mean Thought

Author ChenZuoZuo
Tutor PengJiaHai
School Hubei University of Technology
Course Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords Lawrence Golden mean thought ecological thoughts
Type Master's thesis
Year 2009
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David Herbert Lawrence is one of the greatest British writers in the early 20th century. His works remain being researched by numerous readers from different perspectives owing to their peculiarity and deep connotation. For a long time, Lawrence researchers draw much attention to the theme of sexuality, class consciousness and religion, however, in recent years more and more people have noticed the description of nature in those works. In reality, Lawrence is a writer with strong consciousness of natural ecology. As early as late 19th century, he has realized the degradation of the natural environment and the evil result from it. The issue of man-nature relationship has been mentioned in more than one of his classical works. Besides, Lawrence is also a writer with strong consciousness of ethical ecology. By reading his novels, we can see that as one of the most important novelists of the age, Lawrence still remains a significant force in modern fiction. He had been pursuing the restoration of humanity and challenging against the old traditional conceptions with his moral ideas. Living in an age full of spiritual and social crisis, he was ultimately resentful of the modern society. By writing, he attacked the traditional ethical forbidden zone and tried to rebuild the moral pillar of man with a posture of a moral revolt.However, we should realize that Lawrence’s negative concept of going back to nature, even going back to the primitive society where man could get real happiness is unacceptable, and we should realize that though many of Lawrence’s eco-ethical ideas are very progressive, his thoughts of reforming the modern society by readjustment between men and women can only be a dream.Compared with Lawrence’s ecological thoughts, Golden Mean Thought (GMT) in Chinese traditional culture is more progressive on both eco-natural ideas and eco-ethical ideas. This thesis offers analysis of Lawrence’s ecological thoughts combined with Confucius’Golden mean thought reflected in The White Peacock and Sons and Lovers, and shows that GMT will make the modern ecological criticism more practicable and bring us a harmonious world.

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