The Study in Import Substitution during 1949-1978 in China
|School||Beijing Technology and Business University|
|Keywords||Import substitution policies Control foreign trade Tariffs and non-tariff measures Dependence on foreign trade Economic development|
From 1949 to 1978 , China has carried out the import substitution policies , the implementation of this policy so that the new set up their own independent and relatively complete industrial system . The so-called import substitution , is a country through the establishment and development of domestic industries , domestic products instead of imported goods on the domestic market . Economic development and the process of industrialization from the domestic market to promote economic development strategy mode. Although this policy at this stage is not China's foreign trade development strategy , but to sort out this policy , analysis allows us a deeper understanding of the import substitution policy , while its main embodiment and foreign trade and the impact of China 's industrial and agricultural economy also has an important reference for the modern economy . Text , this period from 1949 to 1978 , China has implemented the background of the import substitution policies , the implementation of import substitution import substitution policies under the situation of China's foreign trade and industrial and agricultural development were analyzed. Standing angle of History , occupy a certain historical basis , the use of the historical perspective of development through induction of statistics , finishing , history , statistics, theory of three research methods , in this period of import substitution made a breakdown and objective policy research . This paper argues that : During this period of import substitution policy, while making within the industry between the light and heavy industry , as well as the development imbalance between industry and agriculture , especially delay the process of agricultural modernization , but through the implementation of this policy , after all, is to improve the old Chinese the extremely unreasonable industrial production layout , for China to establish their own independent and relatively complete industrial system and national economic system stands at a historical point of view , this period imports from the positive impact of alternative policies is accounted for dominant position .