Research on Transference of Rural Land Contract Andoperation Right in China
|School||Northwest University of Science and Technology|
|Course||Agricultural Economics and Management|
|Keywords||The right to land contractual management Land transfer Land transfer mechanism Mode selection|
With the cancellation of rural taxes, central and local strengthening of the \Adhere to the rural basic management systems and the premise of full respect for farmers' land contract and management rights, allowing the rural land contract and management rights in accordance with the law voluntarily paid circulation is conducive to the rational allocation and full utilization of land resources, and promote the appropriate scale of operation and the development of modern agriculture, to prevent land Abandoned and extensive operation. Party adopted at the Third Plenary Session of the CPC Central Committee decision on promoting rural reform and development of a number of major issues: \transfer land contract and management rights. \However, due to the fuzzy property rights of land ownership in rural areas, difficult to guarantee the circulation of the dominant position of farmers; land transfer macro-control mechanism is not perfect; development of rural land market is not perfect; excessive local governments, grassroots organizations with administrative measures to interfere land transfer; land circulation of specific legislation is still empty, and many constraints exist, the transfer of rural land contract and management rights to the operability of the interests of the landowners insecure, inefficient allocation of land resources, fundamentally speaking, is the lack of an effective land transfer mechanism . Therefore, through research and explore current problems and put forward countermeasures and suggestions of the Perfection of rural land contract management rights transfer mechanism. The paper consists of seven parts: the first part introduces the research background and significance, research advances, research content, ideas and methods. The second part of the basic theory of the land transfer, and define the scope of the study. The third part, pointed out that existing small-scale decentralized management of rural land system, more and more difficult to adapt to the requirements of the current agricultural markets, internationalization, hard to realize the economies of scale, and to speed up the transfer of the right of land contract and management, improve the land transfer mechanism is inevitable line. The fourth part of the causes of rural land contract management rights transfer, generated by the process of the new situation, the main mode of circulation and the major problems that currently exist. The fifth part, the guiding ideology of the rural land contract management rights transfer the current drive and select circulation mode should pay attention to the problem. The sixth part, for the rural land contract management rights transfer the problems put forward corresponding countermeasures and suggestions as to improve the rural collective land ownership, clear land ownership in rural areas; gradually push forward reform of rural land management; improve the power of the land contract and management rights; strengthen land contract and management rights transfer services and guidance; establish and improve the rural land contract management rights transfer market system and the legal system; improve the social security system in rural areas; vigorously promote the rural non-farm process; establish the agricultural risk prevention mechanism. Part VII of the summary of the full text.