Research on Regional Tourism Economy Disparities and Its Influencing Factors of Zhejiang Province
|Keywords||Regional tourism economics Disparity Influencing factor Zhejiang province|
Based on the parameters of tourism total revenue and the number of the tourist, the author analyzed and compared the disparities among the different tourism economic belts and the cities, and concludes that among the three belts, the Circle Hangzhou Bay belt and the East Zhejiang Coastal belt are highly developed areas, but the Southwest Zhejiang Mountainous belt lag behind. Also, the level and ranking of the eleven cities were analyzed. In this paper, the author also analyzed the tourism economic statistics of Zhejiang province from 2000 to 2009, and discovered that the absolute disparities among the three tourism belt and cities had both extended, but the relative disparities had been narrowed. It is proved that the regional tourism economic disparities are shrinking.Based on these descriptions, details causes for the gaps have been analyzed. It includes factors of tourism resources, factors of traffic infrastructures, the regional economic background as well as factors of industrial policies. Firstly, tourism resources are the fundamental factors, and are the reasons for the initial structure of the regional tourism. The quality of the tourism resources have relatively closer connections with the tourism economy; Secondly, the overall traffic conditions of Zhejiang province are developing quickly in recent years and are not the main obstacles for tourism development, but newly-built traffic lines brought new changes to the spatial structure of the regional tourism economics; Thirdly, the prosperous regional economy, especially the private economy plays an important role in balancing the regional tourism economics, owing to the huge amount of capital which is invested to the less-developed areas. Finally, industrial policies are very supportive factors for the tourism development. Zhejiang government adopted "province directly governing county" policies, allowing the counties to have more autonomous privileges, which can also be helpful for balancing the regional tourism development.